Mental Enlightenment Scientific-Methodological Journal


The withdrawal of troops on February 15, 1989 did not trigger, as expected, the beginning of the pacification process in Afghanistan, but, on the contrary, prompted the opposition to intensify hostilities. The Afghan war ended, seriously changing the world, both politically and economically. The USSR left the political arena, leaving behind a scattered state, immersed in the many-sided problems of the state. Russia, as a successor to the USSR, could not adequately continue the foreign policy line. For example, neither the UN nor the Russian The Foreign Ministry did nothing to get the United States and Pakistan to implement the Geneva agreements. The Soviet troops left, their bases on the territory of Afghanistan were liquidated, and all the military bases and training centers of the Mujahideen on the territory of Pakistan remained. In a word, the Soviet troops left Afghanistan, leaving behind only problems.

First Page


Last Page



[1] Barfield, Thomas. Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History / Thomas Barfield. - New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2010.

[2] Gall, Sandy. War against the Taliban / Sandy Gall. - New York: Bloomsbury, 2012.

[3] Wahab, Shaista. A Brief History of Afghanistan / Shaista Wahab. - New York .: Infobase Publishing, 2007.

[4] Zaeef, Mullah Abdul Salam. My life with the Taliban / Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef. - London: Hurst, 2011.

[5] Zadorozhny AND.The. The influence of foreign policy factors on the process of consolidation of Afghan society: diss. for the degree of Candidate of Science politician Sciences Bishkek, 2007

[6] History of the country in the documents of the archives of the FSB of Russia: [collection of articles and materials] / VS Khristoforov. - Moscow: Publishing house of the Main Archival Administration of Moscow, 2013, p.88.

[7] Knyazev A.A. The history of the Afghan war in the 1990s. and the transformation of Afghanistan into a source of threats for Central Asia Bishkek, Publishing house KRSU, 2002, p.104.

[8] Lyakhovsky A.A., Zabrodin V.M. "Secrets of the Afghan War". Planet. p.67.

[9] Marsden P. Taliban. War and Religion in Afghanistan. M., 2002, p. 99

[10] Mohammad Tamim Ehlas The Afghan crisis and problems of its settlement: abstract of thesis. for the candidacy of Cand. historical Sciences M., RUDN, 2010, p. 5.8.

[11] Plastun V.N., Andrianov V.V. Najibullah. Afghanistan in the grip of geopolitics. M., 1998.

[12] Rabush T.V. Confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in Afghanistan: diss. for the degree of Candidate of Historical. Sciences St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg State University, 2011, p. 34.

[13] The Tragedy and Valor of Afgan / Alexander Lyakhovsky. - M .: Iskona, 1995, p. 124.

[14] Fazel Ahmad Political Process in Modern Afghanistan: Diss. for the degree of cann. Philosophical Sciences M., Institute of Youth, 1997, p. 25.

[15] Hosking, J. History of the Soviet Union: 1917-1991 / J. Hosking; Per. from English P. Kutsenkov. - Smolensk: Rusich, 2001, p. 55.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.