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Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

Abstract

In digital era, robots are becoming an integral part of human life due to their efficiency and high performance. In recent years, search and rescue robot systems are used tremendously in a natural disaster. Nowadays, many areas of the world are getting affected due to natural disasters. Disasters can be exceptional and unstoppable events that are either man-made or natural, such as building collapse, earthquakes, wildfires, and floods, etc. This witnesses the importance of search and rescue robot systems in the emergency field. In the emergency field, a variety of sensing and wireless technologies are used in remote and vision control. The use of these technologies, the rescuers instead of going inside in the ruined area, can control remotely search and rescue robot systems when natural calamity occurs. These robot systems have the ability to move and monitor in the ruined area as a result of natural disasters such as building collapse, earthquakes, wildfires, and floods. In this paper, we design a sensor-based multi-functional search and rescue robot system for use in emergency situations. The system consists of an Arduino Mega board, Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ board, servo motor, camera, Direct Current motor, motor driver module, stepper motor, Darlington Transistor Arrays, and ultrasonic sensor. The multi-functional search and rescue robot system has the ability to help the rescuers to search and show the ruined area from far away. The rescuers also could save their lives using this robot system. The main objective of this paper is to design a multi-functional, easy to control, microcontroller and Vision control based rescue robot system.

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