Central Asian Journal of Medicine


Research urgency. Now the problem of dental diseases at children [3] is actual. Many works of domestic and foreign authors are devoted caries and its complications, diseases of periodontitis, to methods of their treatment and preventive maintenance. However, not enough attention is given to such problem as non-carious defeats; in particular, hypoplasia to enamel that directly is connected with health of children and their psycho-emotional status. Research objective. On bodies of an oral cavity of the working, the considerable quantity of researches both domestic is devoted questions of influence of adverse factors of the industrial environment, and foreign authors [1] that have opened some parties’ pathogenesis professional defeats of an oral cavity and were develop by corresponding treatment-and-prophylactic actions. Materials and methods. Children with disease system hypoplasia of teeth hard tissues, at the age from 7 till 15 years of three areas of Bukhara area (Karaulbazar’s area-basic group, Gizhduvan’s area-comparative group, Settlement of Madaniyat of Bukhara area-control group became object of our research. Results. The analysis of the data of clinical survey has shown that on prevalence of forms hypoplasia enamels from children of 7-12 years in the lead position are occupied with the spotty form (85,3%), erosive form (11%) and mixed (2%) met in single instances, furrowed hypoplasia was not observed. The spotty form (80%) occupies from children of 13-15 years in the lead position, furrowed also forms (11, 4%), mixed (7,7%) are slightly rarer erosive (3%).

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