Central Asian Journal of Medicine


Introduction. The present research explores data and analyzes molecular mechanisms appraisal of the clinical course of chronic viral hepatitis C, registered considering the prognostic significance of the CYP2C9 isoenzyme. The aim of the research is to assess the molecular mechanisms of the clinical course of CVHC, considering the prognostic significance of the CYP2C9 isoenzyme, responsible for the xenobiotic biotransformation system, in representatives of the Uzbek population. Materials and methods. 107 patients with chronic viral hepatitis C (CVHC) were involved in the research group, further were divided into three subgroups to assess the association of polymorphic markers of the СУР2С9 genes. The criteria for inclusion in the research were clinical, biochemical and instrumental verification of the diagnosis with the determination of both the stage and severity of the disease, as well as the detection of hepatitis C virus RNA by the AmpliSens® HCV-FRT test system detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on a RotorGene 6000 instrument. Results and discussion. Research data determined that a relationship was established between the mutant allele of CYP2C9 gene polymorphism with more favorable course of CVHC. This assumption is also confirmed by the reduced frequency of the mutant allele in the subgroup of patients with highly active CVHC, which may indicate the protective role of this allele in activating the inflammatory process in CVHC. It was revealed that a high level of theoretically expected heterozygosity is the indicator of genetic diversity in the subgroup of patients with high active CVHC. Conclusion. The results of the research suggest that CYP2C9 gene polymorphism can be considered as a conditionally “protective” marker for disease progression and requires further study in a larger sample of patients.

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