Central Asian Journal of Medicine


Introduction. The research covers a study and analysis on prevalence and structure of purulent-inflammatory diseases of maxillofacial area. The research objective is to provide data on prevalence, structure, diagnosis and treatment of patients with purulent-inflammatory diseases (PID) of the maxillofacial area (MFA); to analyze results of the treatment depending on the spectrum of identified microorganisms; to identify postoperative complications in patients with MFA pathology. Material and methods. 593 patients with purulent-inflammatory diseases were provided with specialized medical care at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the multidisciplinary clinic at the Tashkent Medical Academy (TMA) during the period from 2017 to 2018. The cause of the purulent-inflammatory diseases development was determined basing on the spectrum of identified microorganisms. Results and discussion. Analysis of case histories of patients with purulent-inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial and cervical area for 2017–2018 showed that in most cases, antibiotic therapy was performed with cephalosporins, penicillins, fluoroquinolones, lincosamides (lincomycin), cotrimaxosole (bacimex), used predominantly in combination. Conclusion. Treatment of patients with purulent-inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial and cervical area should be comprehensive and include a surgical intervention (rupture of the purulent foci with the removal of necrotic tissue), removal of the causative tooth, antibacterial therapy and appointment of symptomatic agents.

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