Central Asian Journal of Medicine


Research objective: to study the frequency and causes of the development of gingival recession in different age groups on the example of Yunusabad district in Tashkent city. Material and methods. The research covered a clinical examination of 645 patients with gingival recession who underwent treatment in the 2nd Pediatric Dental Clinic and in 7th City Hospital located in the Yunusabad district in the period from 2015 to 2019. Patients composed 4 age groups according to WHO recommendations: 15-25 years old, 26-40 years old, 40-64 years old, and over 64 years. Results and conslusion. Prevalence of gingival recession increased at age 15 from 11.8 % to 100% at the age of 64 and over. Morris Stahl’s index varied from 6.7% to 73.8%, the recession intensity made from 1.09 mm to 3.38 mm, the recession index (IR) - from 0.59 to 3.95 points. The most effective methods in diagnostics of gingival recession during dental investigation were Morris Stahl’s index (with the proposed interpretation) and the recession index developed by us. Those allowed to evaluate rapidly both incidence of pathology and its severity, without using special training or special devices. It was established, that at the young age, the incidence of gingival recession is mainly affected by long-term injury in the presence of predisposing physiological characteristics, in older age groups, gingival recession is the result of pathological changes in periodontal tissues and its aging.

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