Research objective: to study the frequency and causes of the development of gingival recession in different age groups on the example of Yunusabad district in Tashkent city. Material and methods. The research covered a clinical examination of 645 patients with gingival recession who underwent treatment in the 2nd Pediatric Dental Clinic and in 7th City Hospital located in the Yunusabad district in the period from 2015 to 2019. Patients composed 4 age groups according to WHO recommendations: 15-25 years old, 26-40 years old, 40-64 years old, and over 64 years. Results and conslusion. Prevalence of gingival recession increased at age 15 from 11.8 % to 100% at the age of 64 and over. Morris Stahl’s index varied from 6.7% to 73.8%, the recession intensity made from 1.09 mm to 3.38 mm, the recession index (IR) - from 0.59 to 3.95 points. The most effective methods in diagnostics of gingival recession during dental investigation were Morris Stahl’s index (with the proposed interpretation) and the recession index developed by us. Those allowed to evaluate rapidly both incidence of pathology and its severity, without using special training or special devices. It was established, that at the young age, the incidence of gingival recession is mainly affected by long-term injury in the presence of predisposing physiological characteristics, in older age groups, gingival recession is the result of pathological changes in periodontal tissues and its aging.
1. Gillette WB, Van House RL. Ill effects of improper oral hygeine procedure. J Am Dent Assoc. 1980;101:476–80. 2. Gorman WJ. Prevalence and etiology of gingival recession. J Periodontol. 1967;38:316–322. 3. Löe H, Anerud A, Boysen H. The natural history of periodontal disease in man: prevalence, severity, extent of gingival recession. J Periodontol. 1992;63:489–495. 4. Eltink AP. Gingival architecture of adult orthodontic patients: a new method of assessment of gingival recession. University of Illinois at Chicago, Pro Quest, UMI Dissertation Publication. 2005;1425218. 5. Wennström JL. Lack of association between width of attached gingiva and the development of gingival recessions: a 5-year longitudinal study. J Clin Periodont. 1987;14:181–4. 6. Eltink AP, Handelman CS, BeGole EA. A new measure of gingival recession and the significance of attriction, gender, and race. In, McNamara JA Jr, Hatch N, Kapila SD (eds): Effective and efficient orthodontic tooth movement. Craniofacial Growth Series, Volume 48. Ann Arbor, Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan; 2011. pp. 353-75. 7. Oates TW, Robinson M, Gunsolley Surgical therapies for the treatment of gingival recession. A systematic review. Ann Periodontol. 2003;8:303–320. 8. Kassab MM, Cohen RE. The etiology and prevalence of gingival recession. J Am Dent Assoc. 2003;134:220–5. 9. Gorman WJ. Prevalence and etiology of gingival recession. Periodontol. 1967;38:316–22. 10. Joshipura KJ, Kent RL, DePaola PF. Gingival recession: Intra-oral distribution and associated factors. J Periodontol. 1994;65:864–71. 11. Tezel A, Canakçi V, Ciçek Y, Demir T. Evaluation of gingival recession in left- and right-handed adults. Int J Neurosci. 2001;110:135–46. 12. Cairo F, Nieri M, Pagliaro U. Efficacy of periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the treatment of localized gingival recessions. A systematic review // J. Clin Periodontol 2014; 41 (Suppl. 15): S44–S62. 13. Sanz M, Simion M. Surgical techniques on periodontal plastic surgery and soft tissue regeneration: consensus report of Group 3 of the 10th European Workshop on Periodontology // J. Clin Periodontol 2014; 41 (Suppl. 15): S92–S97. 14. Khorsand A, Paknejad M, Yaghobee S, Ghahroudi AA, Bashizadefakhar H, Khatami M, Shirazi M. Periodontal parameters following orthodontic treatment in patients with aggressive periodontitis: A before-after clinical study//Dent Res. J. (Isfahan).-2013.-№2.С.35.
Boymuradov, Shukhrat A. and Sabirov, Elyor E.
"FREQUENCY AND DEVELOPMENT CAUSES OF GINGIVAL RECESSION IN DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS ON THE EXAMPLE OF YUNUSABAD DISTRICT, TASHKENT,"
Central Asian Journal of Medicine: Vol. 2019
, Article 26.
Available at: https://uzjournals.edu.uz/tma/vol2019/iss4/26