Central Asian Journal of Medicine


The processes of formation and development of the internal organs of mammals begin in utero, and end after birth. However, various pathological factors of the internal and external environment during pregnancy or lactation can adversely affect the processes of development of the structure and function of organs.

First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.