Irrigation and Melioration


The article presents the factors affecting the irrational use of resources that have a negative impact on reducing crop yields in a climate-changing environment. It highlights the benefits of soil-saving and resource-saving technologies, which include: preservation of moisture in the soil, the living conditions of microorganisms that are necessary for the humification processes, the addition of humus to the soil due to additional organic matter from mulch and cover crops. The economic efficiency of using the technology of zero tillage, which is presented in the following sequence, is substantiated: the objects of technology’s economic assessment were established, the subject of the calculations-a specific farm was selected, production and economic indicators of the farm, agricultural land, arable land, types of crops, yield, availability and consumption of material resources (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides), sales prices were set and acquisition of resources, the comparative characteristics of the technical and economic parameters of existing and new (proposed for implementation) technologies are analyzed Guy and the most appropriate option was selected, the cost of agricultural products was calculated, including operating costs, indicators of economic evaluation: basic and additional for the new and basic options and the most effective option has been identified.


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