Irrigation and Melioration

Article Title



The paper presents materials related to notion about “smart irrigation” and review of research results conducted in foreign countries regarding smart irrigation. In addition, the most important results of research on the development of smart irrigation using Wetting front detector (WFD) for identifying the optimal irrigation scheduling Fc and irrigation duration of cotton varieties Sultan and UzPTI-103 under the condition of old-irrigated typical sierozem soils of Cotton Breeding, Seed Production and AgrotechnologiesResearch Institute in Tashkent province were presented. While conducting smart irrigation, information related to optimal soil moistening were sent to the WiFi web server using WFD device,in comparison with control treatment, the irrigation duration was shorter by 2.0 to 3.5 hours, it was observed that the irrigation amount (gross) was reduced by 700 m3 ha-1, irrigation amount (netto) by 180 m3 ha-1, water filtration at 80 m3 ha-1.


1. http://www.khabar.uz/uz/tekhnologiya/endi-kishlok-kuzhaligi-tizimi-kham-aklli-buladi 2. Uzbekiston Respublikasi Prezidenting “Suv resurslaridan foydalanish samaradorligini oshirish chora-tadbirlari tugrisida”gi 2018 yil 2 iyuldagi PK-3823-sonli karori [Decree PD-3823 of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan from July 2, 2019 “On measures for improvement of the effective use of water resources”] Tаshkent. 2018. 8 p. (in Uzbek) 3. Avliyakulov M, Rajabov N, Yaxyoyeva N. Sugoriladigan tipik buz tuprok-larning yuvilgan va yuvilib tushgan kismlarida bir dona kusakdagi pakhta vaznining uzgarishlari [The changes of the weight of one cotton ball on the eroded and accumulated part of irrigated typical sierozem soils]. Journal Irrigatsiya va melioratsiya. Tashkent, 2018, No4(14).19 p. (in Uzbek) 4. Shamsiev A.S, Rajabov N.Q. Tipik buz tuproklar sharoitida guzaning urta tolali “Andijon-36”, “C-6541” guza navlarining khosildorligiga suv va ug’it me’yorlarining ta’siri [Impact of irrigation and fertilizer application scheduling on seed-lint yield of upland cotton varieties Andijan-36, C-6541 on the condition of typical sierozem soils. Journal Irrigatsiya va melioratsiya. No2(12) 2018. 13 p. (in Uzbek) 5. Kornev V.G. Pribor dlya izmereniya vsasyvayushchey sily pochvy [The device for measuring the absorbing power of soil. Bulletin of meliorative experiment] No 2-3. 1929. Pp. 1-3. (in Russian) 6. Stirzaker, R. J. (2003). When to turn the water off: scheduling micro-irrigation with a wetting front detector. Irrigation Science, 22(3-4), Pp.177-185. 7. Stirzaker, R.J., Hutchinson, P.A. and Mosena, M.L. (2000) A new way for small farm irrigators to save water. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Microirrigation congress, 23-26 October, 2000, Cape Town. South African National Association of Irrigation and Drainage, Cape Town, Pp. 1-10. 8. Hutchinson, P.A., Stirzaker, R.J. (2000) A new method and device for scheduling irrigation. Irrigation Association of Australia, May 23-25, 2000 National Conference. Pp. 584-592. 9. Charlesworth, P.B. (2000). Irrigation Insights No 1 - Soil Moisture Monitoring. National Program for Irrigation Research and Development, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia. 10. Stirzaker, R., Etherington, R., Lu, P., Thomson, T., & Wilkie, J. (2005). Improving irrigation with wetting front detectors. Pp. 1-68. 11. Stirzaker, R. J., & Hutchinson, P. A. (2006). Irrigation controlled by a wetting front detector: field evaluation under sprinkler irrigation. Soil Research, 43(8), Pp.935-943. 12. Stirzaker, R., Stevens, J., Annandale, J., Maeko, T., Steyn, M., Mpandeli, S., Maurobane, W., Nkgapele, J. and Jovanovic, N., 2004. Building capacity in irrigation management with wetting front detectors. Water Research Commission. 13. Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (1999). Water and the Australian Economy: a joint study project of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering and the Institution of Engineers, Australia. Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Parkville, Victoria. 127 p. 14. Evett S, Laurent J-P, Cepuder P, Hignett C (2002). Neutron Scattering, Capacitance, and TDR Soil Water Content Measurements Compared on Four Continents. 17th World Congress of Soil Science, August 14-21, 2002, Bangkok, Thailand, Transactions, Pp. 1 -1021. 15. Zur B Ben-Hanan U Rimmer A and Yardeni A (1994). Control of irrigation amounts using the velocity and position of a wetting front. Irrigation Science 14, 207 p. 16. Vellidis, G., Liakos, V., Perry, C., Porter, W., Tucker, M., Boyd, S., Huffman, M. and Robertson, B., 2016. Irrigation scheduling for cotton using soil moisture sensors, smartphone apps, and traditional methods. In Proceedings of the 2016 Beltwide Cotton Conference, New Orleans, LA. National Cotton Council Memphis, TN. 17. Khalilian, A., Bellamy, C., Farahani, H., Privette, C. and Barnes, E., 2010. Sensor-Based Irrigation Scheduling in Cotton Production. 18. Bednarz, C.W., Hook, J., Yager, R., Cromer, S., Cook, D. and Griner, I., 2002. Cotton crop water use and irrigation scheduling. AS Culpepper et al.(ed.), Pp.61-64. 19. Story, A.C., 1994. COTTON PHYSIOLOGY TODAY. Newsletter of the Cotton Physiology Education Program NATIONAL COTTON COUNCIL, 5(1). 20. Carlesso, R., Petry, M.T. and Trois, C., 2008, October. The use of a meteorological station network to provide crop water requirement information for irrigation management. In International Conference on Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture (Pp.19-27). Springer, Boston. 21. Khamraev Sh.R. Dukhovny, V.A.Kadyrov V.A, Sokolov V.I.Water resources management in Uzbekistan. Tashkent. 2018. Pp. 1-124. 22. www.aquaspy.com 23. Esanbekov M.Y. Irrigatsion eroziyasiga moyil bulgan tuproklarda guzani sugorish tekhnologiyasi elementlarini takomillashtirish [Developing the elements of irrigation technology of cotton in soils prone to irrigation erosion]. Abstract of doctoral dissertation (PhD) in agricultural sciences. Pp.1-20. (in Uzbek)