Irrigation and Melioration


The article assesses food availability as one of the indicators of food security on the example of Samarkand region based on a comparative analysis of the state of agricultural food production over the years and the volume of products per capita and their compliance with established recommended consumption norms. Based on the analysis, the results show that in Samarkand region in 2016-2020, agricultural food products were produced over recommended consumption norms per capita. The periodic evolution of the types of agri-food products produced by dehkan farms and owners of household land increased by 7.1% decreased by 7.3% on private farmers. As a result of reforms in the industry based on legal documents, the volume of agricultural consumer goods produced in the last 24 years has doubled. In the livestock sector, in 2020, compared to 1997, meat production in live weight increased by two times, milk production by three times, and egg production by ten times.The study does not reveal all the indicators of agricultural food products grown for human consumption. In addition, it does not cover related regional export and import products, the level of marketability of manufactured products, and the stages of delivery from field to table.

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