•  
  •  
 

ProAcademy

Abstract

In the article, the author highlights the lack of effective law enforcement in the field of combating transnational financial crimes as an existing problem in this area. This conclusion was made based on an analysis of the views and opinions of representatives of legal science and practitioners in this field, as well as the reporting documents of mutual assessments for compliance with international standards of Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) systems of the participating states of the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF). The author, dividing the ways of improving the effectiveness of the implementation of regulatory legal acts into two types (improving the effectiveness of (a) regulatory legal acts at the development stage; (b) existing regulatory legal acts), draws attention to the importance of monitoring the implementation of the provisions of legal acts by an independent international body – FATF. Based on this conclusion, the author divides the areas of improving the fight against transnational financial crimes into (i) improving interdepartmental cooperation, (ii) the practice of international cooperation, (iii) the exchange of operational and other information, as well as (iv) conducting financial investigations in such cases. Consequently, based on an analysis of the best practices of foreign countries in these areas, the author summarizes the existing trend of improving activities to combat transnational financial crimes.

First Page

1

Last Page

22

References

  1. Хамзаев Д.Д. Транснациональные финансовые преступления: теоретические вопросы // Юрист ахборотномаси – Вестник юриста – Lawyer herald. № 4 (2021). (Khamzaev D.D. Transnational financial crimes: theoretical issues // Yurist akhborotnomasi – Vestnik yurista – Lawyer herald. No. 4 (2021)).
  2. Садомовская М.Е. Эволюция правовых основ Европейского Союза в сфере противодействия легализации (отмыванию) доходов, полученных преступным путем, и финансированию терроризма: современные тенденции и перспективы // Актуальные проблемы российского права. – 2020. – Т. 15. № 2. (Sadomovskaya M.E. Evolution of the legal foundations of the European Union in the field of countering the legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime and the financing of terrorism: current trends and prospects // Actual problems of Russian law. - 2020. - Vol. 15. No. 2.)
  3. FATF report. Ratings of the results of the 4th round of assessment of the FATF member States. URL: https://www.fatf-gafi.org/media/fatf/documents/4th-Round-Ratings.pdf
  4. Basel AML Index: Слабый надзор и дремлющие системы контроля оставляют двери стран широко открытыми для отмывания денег. // 9-й выпуск Basel AML Index от 23.07.2020 г. URL: https://baselgovernance.org/sites/default/files/2020-07/Basel%20AML%20Index%209%20press%20release_RU.pdf (The Basel AML Index: Weak supervision and dormant control systems leave the doors of countries wide open for money laundering.// 9th issue of the Basel AML Index from 07/23/2020)
  5. Дедиков С.В. Основные тенденции развития системы ПОД/ФТ // Институт инновационного развития Российской Федерации. URL: https://iira.ru/institute/stati/novosti-pod/ft/osnovnyie-tendenczii-razvitiya-sistemyi-pod/ft.html (Dedikov S.V. The main trends in the development of the AML/CFT system // Institute of Innovative Development of the Russian Federation)
  6. Wesley G. Skogan. Efficiency and Effectiveness in Big-City Police Departments // Public Administration Review Vol. 36, No. 3 (May - Jun., 1976).
  7. Peter Eichhorn & Ian Towers. Principles of Management Efficiency and Effectiveness in the Private and Public Sector // Springer International Publishing AG, – 2018.
  8. Gordon P. Whitaker and others. Basic Issu~s in Police ~rformance // U.S. Department of Justice Natiorallnstitute of Justice, – 1982.
  9. Лебедев М.П. Об эффективности воздействия социалистического права на общественные отношения // Советское государство и право. – 1963. – № 1. (Lebedev M.P. On the effectiveness of the impact of socialist law on public relations // The Soviet state and law. – 1963. – № 1)
  10. Пашков А.С., Чечот Д.М. Эффективность правового регулирования и методы ее выявления // Советское государство и право. – 1965. – № 8. (Pashkov A.S., Chechot D.M. Effectiveness of legal regulation and methods of its detection // The Soviet state and law. – 1965. – № 8.)
  11. Шаргородский М.Д. Наказание, его цели и эффективность. – Л.: Издательство Ленингр. ун-та. – 1973. (Shargorodsky M.D. Punishment, its goals and effectiveness. - L.: Publishing House Leningr. un-ta. – 1973)
  12. Кудрявцев В.П., Никитинский В.И., Самощенко И.С., Глазырин В.В. Эффективность правовых норм. – М.: Юрид. лит., – 1980. (Kudryavtsev V.P., Nikitinsky V.I., Samoshchenko I.S., Glazyrin V.V. Effectiveness of legal norms. - Moscow: Yurid. lit., - 1980)
  13. Игнатенко В. В. Правовое качество законов об административных правонарушениях: монография. — Иркутск: Изд-во ИГЭА, 1998. (Ignatenko V. V. Legal quality of laws on administrative offenses: monograph. - Irkutsk: IGEA Publishing House, 1998.)
  14. Арнаутова А.А. Средства повышения эффективности нормативных правовых актов. // Вестник Университета им. О.Е. Кутафина (МГЮА). Вектор юридической науки. – 2018. №4. (Arnautova A.A. Means of increasing the effectiveness of regulatory legal acts. // Bulletin of the O.E. Kutafin University (MGUA). The vector of legal science. – 2018. №4)
  15. Иванова Л.А. Определение эффективности нормативных актов в процессе правового мониторинга: автореф. дис. ... канд. юрид. наук. М., – 2011.
  16. Хамзаев Д.Б. Давлат Дастури: вазифалар сўзда эмас, амалда бажарилиши зарур. // Мнение депутата. – статья от 10.02.2021 г. URL: https://parliament.gov.uz/uz/events/opinion/33609/ (Khamzaev D.B. State program: tasks need to be performed practically, not in words. // The deputy's opinion. - article dated 10.02.2021)
  17. Указ Президента Республики Узбекистан «Об улучшении позиций Республики Узбекистан в международных рейтингах и индексах, а также внедрении нового механизма системной работы с ними в государственных органах и организациях» №УП-6003 от 02.06.2020. // Национальная база данных законодательства, 03.06.2020 г., № 06/20/6003/0708; 07.07.2021 г., № 06/21/6257/0645 (Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On improving the position of the Republic of Uzbekistan in international ratings and indices, as well as the introduction of a new mechanism for systematic work with them in government agencies and organizations" No. UP-6003 dated 02.06.2020. // National Database of Legislation, 03.06.2020, No. 06/20/6003/0708; 07.07.2021, No. 06/21/6257/0645)
  18. Методология оценки технического соответствия рекомендациям ФАТФ и эффективности систем ПОД/ФТ // ФАТФ/ОЭСР – 2013. (Methodology for assessing technical compliance with the FATF recommendations and the effectiveness of AML/CFT systems // FATF/OECD - 2013.)
  19. Proceeds of Crime Act of Bermuda 1997 section 49. // Аmended by 2007:25 s.13 & 20 effective 15 November 2008; subsection (1) amended by 2018: 51 s. 2 effective 10 August 2018.
  20. FATF (2020), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures – Bermuda, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, CFATF GAFIC.
  21. FATF (2018), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures – United Kingdom, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF, Paris. URL: http://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/mutualevaluations/documents/mer-united-kingdom2018.html
  22. Федеральный закон "О противодействии легализации (отмыванию) доходов, полученных преступным путем, и финансированию терроризма" №115-ФЗ от 07.08.2001. – ред. от 02.07.2021 г. (Federal Law "On Countering the Legalization (Laundering) of Proceeds from Crime and the Financing of Terrorism" No. 115-FZ dated 07.08.2001. - ed. from 02.07.2021)
  23. Положения Федеральной службы по финансовому мониторингу утвержденное Указом Президента Российской Федерации от 13.06.2012 № 808 (ред. от 08.03.2016 г.) «Вопросы Федеральной службы по финансовому мониторингу» – ред. от 08.03.2016 г. (Regulations of the Federal Financial Monitoring Service approved by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 808 dated 13.06.2012 (ed. dated 08.03.2016) "Issues of the Federal Financial Monitoring Service" - ed. from 08.03.2016)
  24. Приказ Федеральной службы по финансовому мониторингу «О Межведомственной комиссии по противодействию легализации (отмыванию) доходов, полученных преступным путем, финансированию терроризма и финансированию распространения оружия массового уничтожения» №304 от 21.09.2016г. (Order of the Federal Financial Monitoring Service "On the Interdepartmental Commission on Countering the Legalization (Laundering) of Proceeds from Crime, the Financing of Terrorism and the Financing of the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction" No. 304 dated 21.09.2016)
  25. Стратегия государственной антинаркотической политики (на 2010–2020 гг.); Стратегия противодействия экстремизму (на 2014–2025 гг.); Стратегия национальной безопасности (на 2015 и последующие годы); Стратегия экономической безопасности (на 2017–2030 гг.); и Национальный план противодействия коррупции (на 2018–2020 гг.); «Концепция развития национальной системы противодействия легализации (отмыванию) доходов, полученных преступным путём, и финансированию терроризма» от 2018 года. (The Strategy of the State Anti-Drug Policy (for 2010-2020); the Strategy for Countering Extremism (for 2014-2025); the National Security Strategy (for 2015 and subsequent years); the Economic Security Strategy (for 2017-2030); and the National Anti-Corruption Plan (for 2018-2020); "The Concept of development of the national system for countering the legalization (laundering) of proceeds from Crime and the financing of terrorism" from 2018.)
  26. Распоряжение Президента Российской Федерации «О Межведомственной комиссии по принятию Российской Федерацией мер по результатам четвертого раунда взаимных оценок Группы разработки финансовых мер борьбы с отмыванием денег» № 31-рп от 2 марта 2016 г. (Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Interdepartmental Commission for the Adoption by the Russian Federation of Measures based on the Results of the Fourth Round of Mutual Assessments of the Group for the Development of Financial Measures to Combat Money Laundering" No. 31-rp dated March 2, 2016.)
  27. FATF (2019), Ant-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures – Russian Federation, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF, Paris. URL: www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/mutualevaluations/documents/russian-federation-2019.html
  28. Международное сотрудничество по коррупционным делам. / ОЭСР. – 2017. (International cooperation in corruption cases. / OECD. - 2017)
  29. FATF and APG (2015), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures - Australia, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF, Paris and APG, Sydney. URL: www.fatf-gafi.org/topics/mutualevaluations/documents/mer-australia-2015.html
  30. Foreign Evidence Act (1994).
  31. The Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act (1987) (amended in 2012).
  32. Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Act (2006).
  33. Australian Federal Police Act (1979).
  34. Australian Securities and Investment Commission Act (2001).
  35. Act on International Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (1994).
  36. FATF (2019), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures – Finland, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF, Paris URL: http://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/mutualevaluations/documents/mer-finland-2019.html
  37. Н. Сафаров. Экстрадиция в международном уголовном праве: проблемы теории и практики / М.: Волтерс Клувер, 2005. (N. Safarov. Extradition in international criminal law: Problems of theory and practice / Moscow: Volters Kluwer, 2005.)
  38. Directive 2014/41/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014.
  39. FATF (2017), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures - Sweden, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF, Paris. URL: www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/mutualevaluations/documents/mer-sweden-2017.html
  40. International Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act (2000:562).
  41. Федеральный закон "Об информации, информационных технологиях и о защите информации" № 149-ФЗ от 27.07.2006. (Federal Law "On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection" No. 149-FZ dated 27.07.2006)
  42. FATF (2014), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures - Spain, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF. URL: www.fatf-gafi.org/topics/mutualevaluations/documents/mer-spain-2014.html
  43. Law on the prevention of money laundering and of the financing of terrorism (10/2010, April 28, 2010).
  44. FATF-MONEYVAL (2018), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures – Israel, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF, Paris URL: http://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/mutualevaluations/document
  45. "Уголовно-процессуальный кодекс Российской Федерации" № 174-ФЗ от 18.12.2001. – ред. от 01.07.2021. ("Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation" No. 174-FZ dated 18.12.2001. - ed. from 01.07.2021)
  46. FATF (2016), Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures - United States, Fourth Round Mutual Evaluation Report, FATF, Paris. URL: www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/mutualevaluations/documents/mer-united-states-2016.html

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.