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ProAcademy

Abstract

In the p ro p o s e d article, the a u th o r considers issues o f p ra c tic a l im plem entation o f the p rin ciple s o f c rim in a l la w in the la w m a kin g a n d law -e nfo rcem e n t p ra c tic e o f the R epublic o f Belarus. O n the basis o f separate results o f c rim in o lo g ic a l expertise, the a rticle shows the variants o f c rim in o lo g ic a l risks, w hich w ere g e n e ra te d b y n on -co m p lia nce o f the law -m a kin g b o d ie s o f the p rin ciple s o f crim in a l la w in the construction o f c rim in a l la w norm s. The p ro b le m o f the im plem entation o f crim in a l la w p rinciples is also show n in the la w e nforcem ent practice.

First Page

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Last Page

11

References

1. V sootvetstvii s Ukazom Prezidenta Respubliki Belarus' ot 29 maya 2007 g. № 244 «O kriminologicheskoy ekspertize», v Respublike Belarus' kriminologicheskuyu ekspertizu upolnomocheno provodit' gosudarstvennoe uchrejdenie «Nauchno-prakticheskiy sentr problem ukrepleniya zakonnosti i pravoporyadka General'noy prokuraturi Respubliki Belarus'». 2. V Respublike Belarus' soglasno ch. 16 st. 4 UK pod ugolovno-pravovoy kompensatsiey ponimaetsya mera material'nogo xaraktera, kotoruyu litso, sovershivshee prestuplenie, soglasno prinyat' i obyazano ispolnit' v kachestve odnogo iz usloviy osvobojdeniya ot ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti libo obyazano ispolnit' pri primenenii inix mer ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti. Ugolovno-pravovaya kompensatsiya yavlyayetsya formoy zaglajivaniya vini pered obshestvom, prizvana sodeystvovat' ispravleniyu litsa, sovershivshego prestuplenie, vosstanovleniyu sotsial'noy spravedlivosti i primenyaetsya tol'ko v sluchayax, predusmotrennix ugolovnim zakonom. 3. V glave 34 «Prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya» deystvuyushego UK realizovana vajnaya kontseptual'naya ideya o neobxodimosti ugolovno-pravovogo obespecheniya ispolneniya naznachennogo prigovorom suda nakazaniya. Zlostnoe uklonenie ot otbivaniya prakticheski lyubogo vida nakazaniya, naznachennogo v prigovore, vlechet ugolovnuyu otvetstvennost': pobeg iz ispravitel'nogo uchrejdeniya, ispolnyayushego nakazanie v vide lisheniya svobodi, arestnogo doma ili iz-pod straji (st. 413), uklonenie ot otbivaniya nakazaniya v vide lisheniya svobodi ili aresta (st. 414), uklonenie ot otbivaniya nakazaniya v vide ogranicheniya svobodi (st. 415), uklonenie ot otbivaniya nakazaniya v vide ispravitel'nix rabot (st. 416), neispolnenie prigovora suda o lishenii prava zanimat' opredelennie doljnosti ili zanimat'sya opredelennoy deyatel'nost'yu (st. 417), uklonenie ot uplati shtrafa (st. 418), uklonenie ot otbivaniya nakazaniya v vide obshestvennix rabot (st. 419), vosprepyatstvovanie ispolneniyu nakazaniya v vide konfiskatsii imushestva (st. 420) 4. Uklonenie ot otbivaniya sootvetstvuyushego vida nakazaniya yavlyaetsya samostoyatel'im prestupleniem v UK mnogix gosudarstv. Naprimer, v UK Ukraini ustanovlena otvetstvennost' za uklonenie ot nakaza- niy, ne svyazannix s lisheniem svobodi: uplati shtrafa, otbitiya nakazaniya v vide lisheniya prava zanimat' opredelennie doljnosti ili zanimat'sya opredelennoy deyatel'nost'yu (chast' 1 stat'i 389); otbitiya nakazaniya v vide obshestvennix rabot; otbitiya nakazaniya v vide ispravitel'nix rabot (chast' 2 stat'i 389 UK) i za uklonenie ot otbitiya nakazaniya v vide ogranicheniya svobodi ili lisheniya svobodi (stat'ya 390 UK). V Uk Ukraini ustanovlena daje otvetstvennost' za umishlennoe nevipolnenie soglasheniya o primirenii (stat'ya 389-1 UK). 5. V chasti 3 st. 52 UK Belarusi ukazani litsa, kotorim ispravitel'nie raboti ne mogut bit' naznacheni: litsa, ne dostigshie shestnadtsatiletnego vozrasta; litsa, dostigshie obsheustanovlennogo pensionnogo vozrasta; beremennie jenshini; litsa, naxodyashiesya v otpuske po uxodu za rebenkom; invalidi I i II gruppi; voennoslujashie i rezervisti; inostrannie grajdane i ne projivayushie postoyanno v Respublike Belarus' litsa bez grajdanstva; litsa, bol'nie aktivnoy formoy tuberkuleza, ne imeyushie postoyannogo mesta raboti. 6. Soglasno chasti 4 primechaniy k glave 24 UK Respubliki Belarus' ne podlejit ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti litso, sovershivshee xishenie imushestva yuridicheskogo litsa putem kraji, moshennichestva, zloupotrebleniya slujebnimi polnomochiyami, prisvoeniya ili rastrati v summe, ne previshayushey desyatikratnogo razmera bazovoy velichini, ustanovlennogo na den' soversheniya deyaniya, za isklyucheniem xisheniya ordena, medali Respubliki Belarus', Ss Sr ili UZSSR, nagrudnogo znaka k pochetnomu zvaniyu Respubliki Belarus', SSSR ili b Ss R, ili xishenie imushestva fizicheskogo litsa putem kraji, moshennichestva, zloupotrebleniya slujebnimi polnomochiyami, prisvoeniya ili rastrati v summe, ne previshayushey dvukratnogo razmera bazovoy velichini, ustanovlennogo na den' soversheniya deyaniya, za isklyucheniem xisheniya ordena, medali Respubliki Belarus', SSSR ili BSSR, nagrudnogo znaka k pochetnomu zvaniyu Respubliki Belarus', SSSR ili BSSR libo xisheniya, sovershennogo gruppoy lits, libo putem kraji, sovershennoy iz odejdi ili ruchnoy kladi, naxodivshixsya pri nem, libo s proniknoveniyem v jilishe

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