Philology Matters


In the process of global development in all areas of science, various new knowledge has appeared. Including fantasy in world literature fantasy which began to be considered as one of the significant directions of the literature. In this article, the researcher proves the fact that fantasy has its own fundamental basis in the formation of this area, and the scientific theory of myths, fairy tales and knights, components of the fantasy content. The author justifies his scientific and theoretical approach to the scientific views of foreign scientists with respect to Fantasy. This attracted the attention of all literary critics and readers, and also caused various confusing ideas about fantasy. While each phenomenon in the literature has its own history and cause, the origin of fantasy has its fundamental basis for the creation. In the fantasy literature, there are often epics, myths, and works in the spirit of love, satire, historical works, utopian fairy tales, folk tales and parables. It is very important to study them at the stage of development of modern fantasy literature. Using in fantasy various small epic types contributes to the emergence of means of enrichment in its diversity and impressions.
The aim of the study is to provide readers with literary criticism on fantasy works and their components on a scientific basis and improve their views on fantasy, and also awaken their interest in fantasy. In this regard, many sources were used. The study used the hermeneutic method. In the result of the study, the works of fantasy and their features will be disclosed. Provided scientific and theoretical approaches are also confirmed by reasonable examples from various scientific literature.

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