In the process of global development in all areas of science, various new knowledge has appeared. Including fantasy in world literature fantasy which began to be considered as one of the significant directions of the literature. In this article, the researcher proves the fact that fantasy has its own fundamental basis in the formation of this area, and the scientific theory of myths, fairy tales and knights, components of the fantasy content. The author justifies his scientific and theoretical approach to the scientific views of foreign scientists with respect to Fantasy. This attracted the attention of all literary critics and readers, and also caused various confusing ideas about fantasy. While each phenomenon in the literature has its own history and cause, the origin of fantasy has its fundamental basis for the creation. In the fantasy literature, there are often epics, myths, and works in the spirit of love, satire, historical works, utopian fairy tales, folk tales and parables. It is very important to study them at the stage of development of modern fantasy literature. Using in fantasy various small epic types contributes to the emergence of means of enrichment in its diversity and impressions.
The aim of the study is to provide readers with literary criticism on fantasy works and their components on a scientific basis and improve their views on fantasy, and also awaken their interest in fantasy. In this regard, many sources were used. The study used the hermeneutic method. In the result of the study, the works of fantasy and their features will be disclosed. Provided scientific and theoretical approaches are also confirmed by reasonable examples from various scientific literature.
1. Attebery, B. (1980). The Fantasy Tradition in American Literature: From Irving to Le Guin. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
2. Brandis, E. (1977). Scientific fiction and man in today's world. Questions of literature, 6, 110.
3. Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary. (1991). London: Clays Ltd, St. Eves plc. 1704 p.
4. Collins dictionary. https://www.dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary /fantasy
5. Cuddon, J. (1998). The Penguin dictionary of literary terms and literary theory. (4th ed). (p. 283). London: Penguin Books.
6. Fantastic Literature: A Critical Reader. (2004). Ed., CT: Praeger, 271-273.
7. Godshok Vil'yam Fantastika. http://mir.fantastics/articles/
8. Gopman, V.L. (2001) Fantasy. Literary Encyclopedia of Terms and Concepts. In N.M. Nikolaukin (Ed). (pp. 1161-1164).
9. Jackson, R. (2003). Fantasy: The Literature of Subversion. London and New York: Routl edge. 33 p.
10. Jung, K.G. (1998). Memories, dreams, reflections. Moscow: LLC Publishing House ASTLTD, Lvov: Initiative. 480 p.
11. Karelin, A. Classics. Fantasy Faces. http://mif.ru/articles/art
12. Kovtun, E.N. (2008). Artistic fiction in the literature of the twentieth century. Higher School. 46 p.
13. Kovtun E.N. (1999). Poetics of extraordinary: artistic worlds fiction, fairy tales, utopias, parables and myths (on the material of European literature of the first half of the 20th century). Moscow. 308 p.
14. Manlove, C.N. (1983). The Impulse of Fantasy Literature. London: The Macmillan Press. p. 28.
15. Manlove, C.N. (1975). Modern Fantasy: Five Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p.1.
16. Meletinski, E.M. (1998). Myth and Tale. Moscow. p. 291.
17. Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fantasy
18. Neelov, E. Folklore Intertext of Russian Fiction. http://www.philolog.ru/filolog/uchebnik.pdf
19. Nikolaukin, A.N. (2001). Literary Encyclopedia of Terms and Concepts. Moscow: NPK “Intelvak”. p. 582.
20. Osipov, A.N. (1999). Fantasy. He's. Fantasy from “A” to “I”: a brief encycle. directory. Moscow. 320 p.
21. Oxford Learning Dictionary. https://www.lexico.com/definition/goodman
22. Propp, V. (2004). Historical roots of a magical fairy tale. Moscow. p. 186.
23. Qayumov, О. (1979). History of Foreign Literature. Text-book. Тashkent. “O’qituvchi” publishing. 45 p.
24. Quranov, D., Mamajanov, Z. (2013). Dictionary of Literary studies. Tashkent: Аcademic publication. 51 p.
25. Rudnev, V.P. (1999). Culture Dictionary of the twentieth century. Moscow. p. 169.
26. Russell, D.L. (2009). Literature for children. Department of English, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology. Taiwan. https://www2.nkfust.edu.tw/~emchen/ CLit/fantasy_types.htm
27. Selling, K. (2004). Fantastic Neomedievalism: The Image of the Middle Ages in Popular Fantasy. In D. Ketterer, (Ed)., Flashes of the Fantastic (pp. 211-218). Westport, CT: Praeger.
28. Thompson, R.K. (1982). Modern Fantasy and Medieval Romance: A Comparative Study. In R.C. Schlobin (Ed).. The Aesthetics of Fantasy Literature and Art (pp. 211-225). Indiana, USA and Sussex, England: University of Notre Dame Press and The Harvester Press.
29. Tolkien, J.R.R. Secondary World. http://tolkiengateway.net/wiki/Secondary_world
30. Тulaboyev, O. (2017). Uzbek Folk Study (Antalogy). Some features of uzbek folk tales. Tashkent. 49 p.
31. Tymn, M.B., Zahorski, K.J., & Boyer, R.H. (1979). Fantasy literatury: A core collection and reference guide. New York: Bowker.
32. Ushakova, D.N. Explanatory dictionary. http://feb-web/ru/feb/ushakov/ush-bc/deafault.asp
33. Vike, M. (2009). The Familiar and the Fantastic. A Study of Contemporary High Fantasy in George R.R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire and Steven Erikson's Malazan Book of the Fallen. University of Bergen. Unpublished master's thesis.
34. Zanger, J. (1982). Heroic Fantasy and Social Reality: ex nihilo nihil fit. In R.C. Schlobin, (Ed)., The Aesthetics of Fantasy Literature and Art (pp. 226-237). Indiana, USA and Sussex, England: University of Notre Dame Press and The Harvester Press.
"SCIENTIFIC INTERPRETATION OF FANTASY WORKS AND THEIR TYPES,"
Philology Matters: Vol. 2021
, Article 8.
Available at: https://uzjournals.edu.uz/philolm/vol2021/iss2/8