Philology Matters


It is surprising that in English and Uzbek folklore and literature there are similarities in the expression of mythological images, despite the fact that they are from different language systems and different continents far from each other. British folklore is rich in a variety of images, which, with their distinctive features, have a place not only in English but also in world literature. Such images are distinguished by their versatility and have both negative and positive character traits. No matter which world literature we look at, we can find the translation of myths, legends, and fairy tales in that language which is the indication of how important role such images have in the world literature.
The terms mythology, myth, and mythological names are defined differently in various sources. The types of mythological names, on the other hand, have been classified differently as a result of the research carried out by different researchers, each of which has been studied and analyzed comparatively.
Studies have concluded that mythology was formed as a system of primitive worldviews and encompassed the philosophical, moral, and social views of our ancestors, the simplest scientific interpretations of the universe and human life, as well as the art of speech, rituals, and various forms of mythological thinking.
This article provides a description of the terms myth, mythology and mythological names, their classification by various researchers, as well as information about mythological images in English and Uzbek literature, and comments on their classifications. In particular, information on the history of its emergence, the appearance of the image of witches, elves, giants, trolls, goblins in English myths and fairy tales in different forms and purposes is given. The mythological images of birds and dragons in both English and Uzbek literature have been studied comparatively. The reflections on their similarities and differences in English and Uzbek literature have been analyzed.

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