Philology Matters


The article is devoted to the investigation of the problem of conditional relationships and their expression peculiarities in the world linguistics. In particular, a special emphasis is placed on the discussion of leading approaches, perspectives from which conditional relationships are studied, their representation and classification from different viewpoints. The aim of the research is determined by the analysis of the expression of conditional relationships from different perspectives and the formulation of main principles and basis of such approaches to the study of the issue under discussion. The following tasks have been set to reach the goal: a) description of the history of the study of conditional relationships in the world linguistics; b) investigation of peculiarities of the expression of conditional relationships in world linguistics; c) analysis of the basic approaches to the investigation of conditional relationships in the world linguistics and identification of certain principles of each approach which focus on the study of conditional relationships from a particular angle; d) identification of classification of conditional relationships in the world linguistics and analysis of criteria for such classifications. The following methods of investigation have been used: linguistic description (to analyze and criticize the works related to the problem of conditional relationships in world linguistics), componential analysis (to reveal semantic peculiarities of conditional relationships in world linguistics), classification (to classify conditional relationships in world linguistics). The following results have been obtained: a) the conditional relationships in world linguistics have been studied from the following perspectives: semantic, syntactic, stylistic, functional, speech act, pragmatic, comparative-typological, pedagogical, historical-etymological; b) each perspective is characterized by certain principles; c) the conditional relationships can be classified from the viewpoints of semantics, syntax, speech act and pragmatics; d) each classification is based on certain criteria.

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