Philology Matters


Mirzo Abdulkadir Bedil is a poet who had a strong influence on the Uzbek literary environment of the XIX-XX centuries. His works have been diligently read by Uzbek enlighteners, especially Uzbek Jadid intellectuals. Those who could read Bedil's works well and make comment on their content were given a "bedilkhan" name. It is also known that Bedil's works were skillfully copied by calligraphers who lived in the territory of modern Uzbekistan, and these calligraphers were given the status of "bedilnavis". These facts justify the fact that Bedil's work was extremely popular among the Uzbek people.
In addition, Bedil's work had an impact on the work of Uzbek national Renaissance literature. It is known that Bedil is a poet who renewed the content of the Eastern classical literature. He, in contrast to his predecessors, brought social issues to the forefront in his works and ghazals. Because of the time and environment in which he lived, the Muslim community was in deep crisis, and as a result, various calamities were expected to befall the people. Bedil, as a true human being, was deeply distressed by this situation, and his grief was transferred to his works. This case in Bedil's work was later noted in the works of Turkestan poets such as Amir, Mukimi, Furkat, Zavki, who also described the acute social problems of the people in their works. The reason for such a situation can be attributed to the fact that these poets were inspired by the ideas of Bedil.
The ideas reflected in Bedil's work have a strong influence on the work of modern Uzbek intellectuals. It can be said that the genesis of the idea of Jadidism goes back to Bedil's work, since he sharply criticized in his works the bigotry and backwardness that had taken root in the spiritual and enlightenment spheres of the Indian subcontinent of his time, and advocated radical reforms in this matter. It can be seen that the views of the poet, which rose to the level of doctrine in this regard, were later strongly recognized by the Jadid reformers who were his followers.
The following article discusses the effect of Bedil's work on the Uzbek literature, especially Jadid literature, based on the analysis of Uzbek Jadid intellectuals’ works such as Ahmad Donish, Sadriddin Aini, Abdurauf Fitrat, Miyon Buzruk.

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