Philology Matters


The article is aimed at investigating theproblems of the expression of conditionals inthe Uzbek language. Particularly, in the articlea special emphasis is placed on the analysis ofpeculiarities of formal expressions of conditionalsin the Uzbek language. The objectives of theresearch are formed by defining the notionof condition in Uzbek, studying the formsof expression of the conditionals, analyzingthe syntactic structure of the conditionalconstructions, identifying the levels of language in which conditionals are expressed, analyzing the functions of conjunctions connecting the clauses of conditional sentences and identifying the stylistic features of conditional conjunctions. Linguistic description, generalization of priorideas and theories in the field and componential analysis methods are used. The results of the study have shown that the conditionals are expressed by the synthetic and analytic forms, the synthetic forms (conditionals formed by affixes) refer to the conditional forms constructed by adding the conditional affix “-sа” to the stem of the verb, the analytic forms (the combination with two or more components) include the form of“-sа”+ to’liqsiz fe’l (an auxiliary verb (edi, ekan,emish), the combination of a part of speech which is not a verb+bo’l (to be)+sa, lexical units as desa,bo’lsa, yo’qsa and proverbs. The conditionals are mainly expressed at the grammatical and lexical levels of the language. In the grammatical layer, the conditionals are especially expressed through a syntactic unit which is a complex sentence and it is important to note the role of the conditional affix “-sa” in expressing a conditionat the morphological level. In the lexical layer, some lexical units and proverbs can be regarded as means of expressing conditionality. Also,conditional clauses are connected by variouscon junctions (agar, basharti, mabodo, bordiyu,madomiki all referring to “if” in English) and these connectives possess different stylistic colorings and the main function of such conjunctions is not to express conditionality, but to emphasize and exaggerate a conditional meaning. So, the structural peculiarities of conditionals in Uzbek are determined by their syntactic structure, their expression in different language levels and the conditional conjunctions.

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