Philology Matters

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The thesaurus of socio-political vocabulary is based on intra-systemic conceptual relations between units of this lexical group. The concept “power” is a structure-formed mean for this vocabulary. Being the main descriptors of the thesaurus of socio-political vocabulary, concepts project a number of their characteristics onto the lexical groups organized by them. Moreover, the structure of the corresponding branches of the thesaurus is largely determined by the internal, structural features of the concepts. As a result of this, it seems necessary to analyze these key concepts for socio-political vocabulary, as well as the concepts “people” and “nation” that are significant for socio-political vocabulary. As it mentioned, the methodology of conceptual analysis has not been fully developed yet and is presented mainly in the form of specific experiments of such as analysis. The conceptual system is reflected in the language, a metaphor that may not even be understood by the speakers. Despite the fact that at present there is no uniformity in understanding the relationship between the concept and the semantic structure of the word, a methodology for researching the concept based on the analysis of the basic representations of the word in the language is established. A conceptual analysis of a word involves the consideration of its various aspects: lexicographic representations, denotative component, pragmatic meanings, compatibility, associative connections and identification on the basis of this connection with the “world image” of native speakers, with the peculiarities of the ideas in the collective consciousness of their knowledge of the world.