•  
  •  
 

Philology Matters

Abstract

Globalization has entailed a growth in impor-tance of the second/foreign language teachingand learning all over the world with the numberof both voluntary and involuntary language learn-ers increasing on daily basis. There is, however,a widely attested discrepancy in actual resultsachieved by those engaged in second/foreignlanguage learning usually explained by means ofinvocation of a specialized talent that certain in-dividuals have, whilst others lack. Such a talent isthought to be measurable and the results obtainedare regarded as valid predictors of success forintensive foreign language programs. The pres-ent article deals with critical appraisal of one ofsuch instruments in terms of both its theoreticaland practical validity. A number of points to beaddressed for the purpose of the instrument im-provement are demonstrated via referral to bothbasic statistic techniques and scientific consensusin the field of language learning aptitude research.

First Page

138

Last Page

151

DOI

10.36078/987654354

References

1.Bachman, L. F.Statistical Analysis for Language Assessment. Cambridge University Press,2004, 365 p.
2.Carroll, J. B. ‘The Prediction of Success in Intensive Foreign Language Training.’,Trainingresearch and education, 64, 1962, pp. 87–136.
3.Carroll, J. B. ‘Implications of Aptitude Test Research and Psycholinguistic Theory forForeign Language Teaching’. Princeton, New Jersey: Educational Testing Service, 1971,p. 14.
4.Carroll, J. B. ‘Twenty-five years of research on foreign language aptitude’, in Diller, K.(ed.)Individual differences and universals in language learning aptitude. Rowley, MA:Newbury House., 1981, pp. 83–118.
5.Cronbach, J. and Meehl, P. E. ‘Construct Validity in Psychological Tests’,PsychologicalBulletin, 52, 1955, pp. 281–302.
6.Dörnyei, Z.The psychology of the language learner: Individual differences in secondlanguage acquisition,Second Language Acquisition Research Theoretical andMethodological Issues, 2005. doi: 10.4324/9781410613349.
7.Dörnyei, Z. and Skehan, P. ‘Individual Differences in Second Language Learning’,inThe Handbook of Second Language Acquisition, 2008, pp. 589–630. doi:10.1002/9780470756492.ch18.
8.Doughty, C. J.et al.‘Predicting Near-Native Ability: The Factor Structure and Reliability ofHi-LAB’,Selected proceedings of the 2008 Second Language research Forum, (December2014), 2010, pp. 10–31. doi: 10.1071/WR04129.
9.Field, A.Discovering Statistics using SPSS. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2009.
10.Grigorenko, E. L., Sternberg, R. J. and Ehrman, M. E. ‘A Theory-Based Approach to theMeasurement of Foreign Language Learning Ability: The Canal-F Theory and Test’,TheModern Language Journal, 84(3), 2000, pp. 390–405. doi: 10.1111/0026-7902.00076.
11.Li, S. ‘The Associations between Language Aptitude and Second Language GrammarAcquisition: A Meta-Analytic Review of Five Decades of Research’,Applied Linguistics,36(3), 2015, pp. 385–408. doi: 10.1093/applin/amu054.
12.Li, S. ‘The Construct Validity of Language Aptitude’,Studies in Second LanguageAcquisition, 38(4), 2016, pp. 801–842. doi: 10.1017/S027226311500042X.
13.Linck, J. A.et al.‘Hi-LAB: A new measure of aptitude for high-level language proficiency’,Language Learning, 63(3), 2013, pp. 530–566. doi: 10.1111/lang.12011.
14.Lutz, M.The Development of Foreign Language Aptitude Test: A review of the literature.Princeton, New Jersey, 1967.
15.Meara, P. ‘LLAMA Language Aptitude Tests The Manual’, 2005, pp. 1–22.
16.Robinson, P. ‘Aptitude and Second Language Acquisition’,Annual Review of AppliedLinguistics, 25, 2005, pp. 46–73. doi:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0267190505000036.
17.Robinson, P. ‘Individual differences, aptitude complexes, SLA processes, and aptitude testdevelopment’, in Pawlak, M. (ed.)New Perspectives on Individual Differences in LanguageLearning and Teaching. Berlin: Springer International Publishing AG, 2012, pp. 57–75.
18.Skehan, P. ‘Theorising and updating aptitude’, in Robinson, P. (ed.)Individual differencesand universals in language learning aptitude. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John BenjaminsPublishing Company, 2002, pp. 69–93.
19.Skehan, P. ‘Foreign Language Aptitude and Its Relationship with Grammar: A CriticalOverview’,Applied Linguistics, 36(3), 2015, pp. 367–384. doi: 10.1093/applin/amu072.
20.Sparks, R., Ganschow, L. and Patton, J. ‘Prediction of performance in first year foreignlanguage courses: Connections between native and foreign language learning’,Journal ofEducational Psychology, 87(4), 1995, pp. 638–655.
21.Sparks, R. L.et al.‘Subcomponents of Second-Language Aptitude and Second-LanguageProficiency’,Modern Language Journal, 95(2), 2011, pp. 253–273. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4781.2011.01176.x.
22.Sparks, R. L. and Ganschow, L. ‘Foreign language learning difficulties: affective or nativelanguage aptitude differences?’,Modern Language Journal, 75(1), 1991, pp. 3–16.
23.Sparks, R. L. and Ganschow, L. ‘Aptitude for learning a foreign language’,Annual Reviewof Applied Linguistics, 21, 2001, pp. 90–111. doi: 10.1017/S026719050100006X.
24.‘The validation results of psychologic assessment of candidates for Uzbekistan PfPintensive foreign language training courses’. Ташкент, 2011, p. 16.
25.Wen, Z., Biedroń, A. and Skehan, P. ‘Foreign language aptitude theory: Yesterday, today andtomorrow’,Language Teaching, 50(1), 2017, pp. 1–31. doi: 10.1017/S0261444816000276.
26.Wen, Z. and Skehan, P. ‘A new perspective on foreign language aptitude research: buildingand supporting a case for “Working memory as language aptitude”’,Ilha do desterro: ajournal of language and literature = revista de língua e literatura, (60), 2011, pp. 15–44.doi: 10.5007/2175-8026.2011n60p015.
27.Wesche, M., Edwards, H. and Wells, W. ‘Foreign language aptitude and intelligence’,Applied Psycholinguistics, 3(2), 1982, pp. 127–140. doi: 10.1017/S0142716400006664.
28.Winke, P. M. ‘Aptitude Testing’, in DelliCarpini, M. (ed.)The TESOL Encyclopedia ofEnglish Language Teaching. First Edit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2018, pp. 1–7. doi: DOI:10.1002/9781118784235.eelt0376

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.