There are two types of affixing – prefixing and suffixing in modern Chinese. Suffix words are formed by adding a semantic morpheme and a suffix. It should be noted that in modern Chinese the number of morphemes acting as suffixes in the formation of nouns is not much. However, they stand out for their productivity. The suffixes 子 “zi” and 儿 “er” in modern Chinese are considered one of such suffix morphemes. This article is devoted to the study of the features of the formation of nouns by 子 “zi” and 儿 “er” suffixes in modern Chinese. For the purpose of disclosure of the goal, the author refers to various sources, reveals common and characteristic features only corresponding to the suffix, explores the grammatical features of the lexical units formed by the 子 “zi” and 儿 “er” suffixes and presents conclu¬sion on this topic, justifying each of them with corresponding examples. It was revealed that two, three and four-syllable words are formed by these suffixes; the nouns are formed by combination of 子 “zi” and 儿 “er” with certain verbs, adjectives, countable words, numerals; several constructions including these suffixes were identified. There are many similar features in using the suffixes 子 “zi” and 儿 “er”, which are described in this article. However, there are also significant differences, for example, the suffix 子 “zi” combined with nominal roots with the meaning of objectivity forms words with abstract concepts. And the suffix 儿 “er” sometimes forms words with a dismissive, derogatory meaning and words with the suffix 子 “zi” acquire a caressing shade. According to the study, it was revealed that in Chinese, affixing words are mainly formed by means of suffixing, the degree of use of prefixing is limited. With the help of suffixing a large number of nouns and verbs, as well as adverbs are formed. With the help of prefixation, only ordinal numerals and a limited number of nouns are formed.
Hu Boliu, Wen Yue. Shiyong xiandai hanyu yufa (Practical grammar of Chinese), Beijing, 2015, p.36. Xamatova A. Slovoobrazovaniye sovremennogo kitayskogo yazika (The formation of modern Chinese language), Moskow, 2003, p.189. Frolova O.P. Slovoobrazovaniye v terminologicheskoy leksike sovremennogo kitayskogo yazika (Word formation in terminological vocabulary of modern Chinese language), Novosibirsk, 1981.
"The suffixes 子 “zi” and 儿 “er” in modern Chinese,"
Oriental studies: Vol. 1
, Article 16.
Available at: https://uzjournals.edu.uz/or_stud/vol1/iss2/16