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Scientific Bulletin of Namangan State University

Abstract

The article explains the results of phylogeny analysis of the family Heliotropiaceae based on morphological data in the flora of Uzbekistan and shows the difference between two main methods in phylogeny: maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood.

First Page

55

Last Page

61

References

1. Popov, M. G. Family Boraginaceae Juss.—Flora USSR. Vol. 19. Moscow; Leningrad. Ð. – 1953 – 97. —691. 2. Sarkisova S.A. Conspectus Florae Asiae Mediae, v.8 / edited by Nabiev M.M. – Tashkent – 1986. – 191. 3. Nabiyev M.M. The Red Data Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan / edited by Pratov U, Khasanov F.U, Tashkent – 2009. – 357. 4. Zakirov et Tschern. Flora of Uzbekistan v. 5/ edited by Vvedenskiy, Tashkent – 1961. – 161. 5. Luebert F. et al. Phylogenetic relationships and morphological diversity in Neotropical Heliotropium (Heliotropiaceae) //Taxon. – 2011. – T. 60. – №. 3. – 663-680. 6. Diane N., Förther H., Hilger H. H. A systematic analysis of Heliotropium, Tournefortia, and allied taxa of the Heliotropiaceae (Boraginales) based on ITS1 sequences and morphological data //American Journal of Botany. – 2002. – T. 89. – №. 2. – 287-295. 7. Akhani H., Förther H. The genus Heliotropium L. (Boraginaceae) in flora Iranica area //Sendtnera. – 1994. – T. 2. – 187-276. 8. Cohen J. I. A phylogenetic analysis of morphological and molecular characters of Boraginaceae: evolutionary relationships, taxonomy, and patterns of character evolution //Cladistics. – 2014. – T. 30. – №. 2. – 139-169. 9. Swofford D.L. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony, 4.0. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts, 2011. 10. Khaleel T. F. A review of endosperm and the taxonomic position of Boraginaceae //Journal of Plant Science Research. – 1985. – v. 1. – 117-133. 11. Farris J. S. The retention index and the rescaled consistency index //Cladistics. – 1989. – v. 5. – №. 4. – 417-419. 12. Chase M. W. et al. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV //Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. – 2016. – v. 181. – №. 1. – 1-20 13. Farris, J. S., Kluge, A. G., & Eckardt, M. J. A numerical approach to phylogenetic systematics. Systematic Zoology – 1970. – 19(2), 172-189. 14. Edwards, A. W. The origin and early development of the method of minimum evolution for the reconstruction of phylogenetic trees. Systematic biology – 1996 – 45(1), 79-91. 15. Craven, L. A. Malesian and Australian Tournefortia transferred to Heliotropium and notes on delimitation of Boraginaceae. Blumea-Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants – 2005 – 50(2), 375-381. 16. Luebert, F., Couvreur, T. L., Gottschling, M., Hilger, H. H., Miller, J. S., & Weigend, M. Historical biogeography of Boraginales: West Gondwanan vicariance followed by longdistance dispersal?. Journal of Biogeography – 2017 – 44(1), 158-169. 17. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society – 2009 – 161(2), 105-121. 18. Diane, N., Hilger, H. H., Förther, H., Weigend, M., & Luebert, F. Heliotropiaceae. In Flowering Plants. Eudicots – 2016 - (pp. 203-211). Springer, Cham. 19. Chukavina. Flora of Tajikistan v. 7/ edited by Chukavina, Leningrad – 1984. – 385.

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