Scientific Bulletin of Namangan State University


The article discusses the functional potential and the multiplicity of the word - formation structure of temporal adjectives of the modern Russian language, forming a closed semantic microsystem, the units of which are frequencies in speech practice and had flexible derivational and semantic structures. When choosing the object of study, the authors proceeded from the position that the main task of linguistics is the description of language signs, and the task of semantics is the selection and analysis of the meanings of these signs. The novelty of the work carried out is that its authors, using modern research technologies, established the specific nature of derivational relations among the members of the selected micro system, a special mechanism for varying their semantics in the text. The working hypothesis of the study was that, despite the stable nature of the same “time” in the semantic structure of lexems in the syntagmatic series, other non-temporal qualitative notations appear and derivational motivational relations change. We used productive methods for analyzing the semantic of words: the opposition method, the substitution method, distribution and transformational analysis. The results of the study can be taken into account in the fundamental development of the theory of nomination and in lexicographic practice.

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