International Relations: Politics, Economics, Law


The EU and CA relationships have more than a quarter century history. The issue of recognition of new states that became independent in Central Asian region came forth before European Community1 in end of XX century. With the "Joint Declaration of Twelve" issued on 31 December 1991, European Community recognized state independence of Central Asian republics . The recognition of the independent statehood of new Central Asian republics developed in the following way: first, new understanding (or approach) with regard to the procedure of recognition of the independence of newly emerged States was worked out. This understanding was a part of the document entitled "Guidelines on the Recognition of New States in Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union" adopted on 16 December 1991 in Brussels. Although the Declaration was not of a binding character, it only opened the door for European Community member states to recognize newly independent states of former Soviet Union.

First Page


Last Page



1. Bulletin de CE, n 1-2/ 1992, http://ec.europa.eu/archives/bulletin/en/ welcome.htm, (Date of Accession: 25.09.2018). 2. "Guidelines on the Recognition of New States in Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union", John P. Grant-J. Craig Barker, ed., Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law, Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 208-213. 3. Charpentier J., "Les declarations des Douze sur la reconnaissance des nouveaux Etats" Revue General de Droit international public (RGDIP), Paris, 1992., p. 348. 4. "Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan №162 - On opening the Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Kingdom of Belgium", 6 May 1995, http://www.lex-uz (Date of Accession: 25.09.2018). 5. Lukashuk A., Saidov A. Bases of the Modern International Law Theory. Academic textbook. - Tashkent: "Adolat", 2006. - P. 106. 6. "Les relations de l'UE avec les nouveaux etats independants d'Asie centrale: Communication//UE/Commission europeenne": http://ec.europa.eu/archives/bulletin/ en/welcome.htm, (Date of Accession: 27.09.2018). 7. "European Parliament ratifies Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) partnership with #Kazakhstan", eureporter, 12 December 2017, https:// www.eureporter.co/frontpage/2017/12/12/51104, (Date of Accession: 30.09.2018). 8. Berdiyev Berdi. "EC Human rights and democracy clauses in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreements with states of Former Soviet Union", Central Asian Journal, Volume: 3, No: 2., p. 31. 9. Idem., p.39. 10. Ronald Inglehart, Modernization and Postmodernism: Cultural, Economic and Political Change in 43 Societies, Princeton University Press, New Jersey 1997; Piotr Sztompka, The Sociology of Social Change, Blackwell 1993; Kjell Goldmann, Transforming the European Nation-State, Stockholm University, Sweden, 2001; Norman Davies, Europe: A History, The Bodley Head, London 2014. 11. "Partnership and Cooperation Agreement came into force on July 1", 1999: http:/ /ec.europa.eu/external_relations/ceeca/pca/pca_uzbekistan.pdf, (Date of Accession: 28.09.2018). 12. "The EU and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership", Council of the European Union, 31 May 2007, Brussels, http://register.consilium.europa.eu/doc/ srv?l=EN&f=ST%2010113%202007%20INIT, (Date of Accession: 29.09.2018). 13. "General Affairs and External Relations", Council of the European Union, 23-24 April 2007 http: / / www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_Data/docs/pressData/en/ gena/93798.pdf, (Date of Accession: 29.09.2018); "Council Conclusions on Central Asia", Council of the European Union, 23 April 2007, Luxembourg, http: / / www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_Data/docs/pressData/en/gena/ 93790.pdf, (Date of Accession: 29.09.2018). 14. "General Affairs and External Relations", Council of the European Union, 18 June 2007, Luxembourg, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_Data/docs/ pressData/en/gena/94804.pdf, (Date of Accession: 29.09.2018). 15. "Brussels European Council 21/22 June 2007", Council of the European Union, 20 July 2007, Brussels, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/ pressdata/en/ec/94932.pdf, (Date of Accession: 29.09.2018). 16. "Progress Report on the Implementation of the EU Strategy for Central Asia Implementation Review and Outline for Future Orientations": http://eeas.europa.eu/ central_asia/docs/20120628_progress_report_en.pdf (Date of Accession: 30.09.2018). 17. "Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe - A Global Strategy for the European Union's Foreign and Security Policy", European Union Global Strategy, June 2016, https: / / europa.eu/globalstrategy/en/shared-vision-common-action-stronger-eu rope, (Date of Accession: 30.09.2018); "Progress Report on the implementation of the EU Strategy for Central Asia - Implementation Review and outline for Future Orientations": http://eeas.europa.eu/central_asia/docs/20120628_progress_report_en.pdf (Date of Accession: 30.09.2018). 18. "Council conclusions on the EU Strategy for Central Asia", Council of the European Union, 19 June 2017, Brussels: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/ press-releases/2017/06/ 19/conclusions-central-asia (Date of Accession: 30.09.2018). 19. "Speech by HR/VP Federica Mogherini at the opening ceremony of the International Conference on Security and Sustainable Development under the auspices of the United Nation", European Union External Action, 10 November 2017: https://eeas.europa.eu/ headquarters/headquarters-Homepage/35422 / speech-hrvp-federica-mogherini-opening- ceremony-international-conference-security-and_en, (Date of Accession: 30.09.2018). 20. "Joint Communique: European Union - Central Asia Foreign Ministers' Meeting "EU and Central Asia: Working for a Safer and More Prosperous Future Together", European Union External Action, 10 November 2017: https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/ headquarters-Homepage/35423/joint-communiqu%C3%A9-european-union-central-asia- foreign-ministers%E2%80%99-meeting-%E2%80%9Ceu-and-central-asia_en, (Date of Accession: 30.09.2018).



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.