•  
  •  
 

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Abstract

The main challenges in the production of liquid detergents, based on the use of equipment, a mixer with a reduction of much less production waste and harmful emissions into the environment, are considered. A simplified manufacturing process with a significant reduction in material and energy costs is shown. The influence of mass ratios and temperature on the rheological properties of the synthesized Synthetic detergents was investigated and showed that with increasing temperature the density of the samples decreases. Also, studies of cleaning ability showed that in a sample containing the highest amount of lauryl sulfate it has a maximum cleaning ability. It was found that synthetic detergents has the best washing ability, which no contains MAP and EDTA.

First Page

53

Last Page

61

DOI

https://doi.org/10.34920/2019.3.53-61

References

  1. Yu.S.Vetoshkin, “Prognozirovanie proizvodstva i potrebleniya” [Forecasting production and consumption], SMS i tovarov bitovoy ximii v Rossii do 2010 goda Bitovaya ximya, 2007, no. 25, p. 16. (in Russian).
  2. E.K.Anders, “Globalniy i Rossiyskiy rinok SMS” [ Global and Russian market of SMS] , Sostoyanie, razvitie, perspektivi Bitovaya ximiya. 2007, no. 26, p 5. (in Russian).
  3. F.V.Nevolin, “Ximiya i texnologiya sinteticheskix moyushix sredstv” [Chemistry and technology of synthetic detergents], 2 izdanie, pererab. i dop. Moscow: Pishevaya promishlennost, 1971, p. 223. (in Russian).
  4. V.M.Kovalev, D.S.Petrenko, “Texnologiya proizvodstva sinteticheskix moyushix sredstv” [Production technology of synthetic detergents], Moscow: Хimiya, 1992, p. 272. (in Russian).
  5. T. Yahaya, J. Okpuzor and E.O. Oladele, “Investigation of Toxicity of Detergents Journal of Environmental Science and Technology”, vol. 4(6): pp. 638-645, 2011.
  6. Z.I.Buxshtab, A.P.Melnik, V.M.Kovalev, “Texnologiya sinteticheskix moyushix sredstv” [Technology of synthetic detergents], Мoscow: Legprombitizdat, 1988, p. 320, ISBN 570880365. (in Russian).
  7. P.V.Nikolaev, N.А.Petrov, “Osnovi ximii i texnologii proizvodstva sinteticheskix moyushix sredstv” [Fundamentals of chemistry and technology for the production of synthetic detergents], Ivanovo, 2007, p. 405. (in Russian).
  8. T.Ogbulie, J. Ogbulie, “Umezuruike Biodegradation of detergents by aquatic bacterial flora from Otamiri River”, Nigeria African Journal of Biotechnology, 2008.
  9. G.G.Ying, “Fate, behavior and effects of surfactants and their degradation products in the environment”, Environment international, 32(3): pp. 417-431, 2006.

10. M.Petrovic, “et al., Occurrence and distribution of nonionic surfactants”, their degradation products, and linear alkylbenzene sulfonates in coastal waters and sediments in Spain Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2002. 21(1): p. 3746.

11. G.G.Ying, B. Williams, R.Kookana, “Environmental fate of alkylphenols and alkylphenol ethoxylates a review. Environment international”, p. 215-226, 2002.

12. T.P.Knepper, “Synthetic chelating agents and compounds exhibiting complexing properties in the aquatic environment”, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 2003. 22(10): pp. 708-724.

13. А.Sharova, “Silikonovie PAV SILWET”, Bitovaya ximiya. 2006, no. 22, p. 17.

14. A.K.Abilova, T.S.Ershova, “Ekologicheskie svoystva sinteticheskix moyushix sredstv” [Environmental properties of synthetic detergents], Moskva, 2001, p. 230.

15. A.U.Erkaev, A.K.Rambergenov, N.S.Ospanova, Z.K.Toirov, N.Burashov, “Kimyo, neftgaz qayta ishlashning va oziq ovqat sanoatlarining innovatsion texnologiyalarining dolzarb muammolari”[ Actual problems of innovative technologies of chemical, oil and gas processing and food industries], Toshkent Qo’ng’irot pp. 25-27, 2010.

16. A.I.Sumich, “Poluchenie seskvikarbonata natriya «suxim» sposobom” [Obtaining sesquicarbonate sodium by "dry" way], Materiali 17 Mejdunarodnoy nauchnoprakticheskoy konferensii molodix uchenix imeni prof. L.P.Kulaeva, pp.126-127, 2016. (in Russian).

17. A.T.Kaipbergenov, A.U.Erkayev, S.Baratov, “Klassifikatsiya i razrabotka gibkoy texnologii proizvodstva texnicheskix moyushix sredstv” [Classification and development of flexible technology for the production of text detergents], Mejdunarodnaya nauchnoprakticheskaya konferensiya «Sovremennie aktualnie problem estestvennix nauk», Aktobe pp.177-178, 2014. (in Russian).

18. O.N.Vaxnina, “Moyushie i chistyashie sredstva” [Detergents and cleaning products], Еkaterinburg, 2008, p. 223. (in Russian).

19. L.Gorshenko, “Sinteticheskie moyushie sredstva” [Synthetic detergents], Konyuktura tovarnix rinkov, no. 4, 2005. (in Russian).

20. GOST 2564496 “Sredstva moyushie sinteticheskie poroshkoobraznie”. Obshie texnicheskie trebovaniya" [Synthetic powder detergents. General technical requirements] Izdatelstvo standartov, 1996. (in Russian).

21. A.N.Endyuskina, “Issledovanie kachestva vod malix rek i drugie vodoemov” [Water quality studies of maliks rivers and other reservoirs], Novocheboksarsk, 1997. (in Russian).

Included in

Engineering Commons

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.