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The Light of Islam

Abstract

World politics is a complex and multifaceted relationship based on national interests, due to the conditions and factors associated with the specifics and customs of a particular state. The role of religion in international relations is not considered as important as economics and politics. But the conflicts and disagreements that arise in the world under the guise of different religions remind the world community how important the religious factor is. This factor knows no boundaries and is not limited to the territory of a particular state. In the 20th century, negative attitudes towards religion changed radically. In the 21st century, religion began to be seen as a link between the individual and society, a sizable factor in achieving harmony in the political system of the world community. The emergence of the religious factor in world politics is directly related not only to globalization but also to the centuries-old process of secularization of international relations. Although the system that influences the political factor in different directions has different forms, it is associated with economic, geographical, ethnonational, religious, cultural, socio-political, and historical processes. This article notes that cultural and religious factor is becoming as important in international politics as any other factor. By the twentieth century, the religious factor began to manifest itself in the manifestation of interethnic relations within the framework of religious traditions, which led to the emergence of various theories and views on it and subsequently to the analysis of these theories. We also consider in our study the influence of the religious factor on all strata of society. The study used comparative-historical, typological, hermeneutic methods of research, as well as the method of complex analysis of literature in the study of the religious factor and its definitions, its role in the socio-political life of the country, religious and philosophical teachings, and the history of Malaysia.

First Page

75

Last Page

86

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