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The Light of Islam

Abstract

The life of Abu Jafar al-Tabari passed during a period when the Abbasid state was weakening and disintegrating, and clashes and disagreements occurred in various parts of the caliphate. Even though, science and education developed, and authoritative works were written in numerous fields. Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari created important works on Islamic studies, especially on tafsir, fiqh, adab, and history. The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the life and scientific heritage of the scientist. The source classification of Tabari’s creativity is given, and the features of his works are studied. The works of the scientist “Kitab tahzib al-asar”, “Jami’ ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Qur’an”, “Jami’ qiraat min-ash-shukhur va-sh-shazz”, “Kitab ikhtilaf al-fuqaha”, “Kitab ul-waqf ”, “Kitab sharh as-sunna”, “Kitab at-tabsir fi usul ad-din”, “Adab an-nufus al-jayida wa-l akhlak an-nafisa” are currently included in scientific circulation. History also occupies a special place in the scientific heritage of Abu Jafar Tabari. His work “The History of arRusul wa-l-Muluk” (“The History of the Prophets and Kings”) is known in the Islamic world and studied by many scientists. This work shows that the scientist, along with the Islamic sciences, was fluent in the history, literature, and folklore before the Islamic period. Tabari skillfully used the sources of this period in his work, and the scientific significance of his information has not lost its relevance today. Many later scholars used Tabari’s work as a primary source.

First Page

33

Last Page

39

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