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The Light of Islam

Abstract

A Muslim must be a morally beautiful and spiritually mature person. The contribution of Eastern thinkers to human civilization is invaluable, and the study of their creations is still a vital topic today. One of such thinkers was Mirza Abdulkadir Bedil (1644-1721), who is an unbreakable link in the chain that unites the Turkic, Persian and Indian people. The poet’s idea that everyone should be guided by moral criteria, including the pursuit of honesty and perfection, in the acquisition of knowledge, played an important role in the article. We studied in this article Bedil’s works in this area. The moral ideal of greatness was interpreted by the thinker as one of the priority values in human perfection, in achieving his perfection. When the thinker expressed his opinion on the idea of greatness he relied on the views of the scholars who lived before him and he enriched them with new content. In addition, Bedil pays attention to ethical concepts such as modesty and shame. When we analyze the moral values in his teaching, such as modesty, shame, disgrace, we see that they are in harmony with the work of Central Asian thinkers. For example, Yusuf Khas Hajib says about these concepts: In both worlds, what a person needs is a good character and good manners. Secondly, shame, modesty, and thirdly, truthfulness is also necessary. It is because of these qualities that a person finds happiness. Shame keeps a person from doing bad things, and shamelessness is a bad thing for a person. When honesty, modesty, and kindness are combined, the whole world will be full of happiness. We can find these ideas in Alisher Navoi’s moral views. For example, an unfaithful person has no shame; the shameless have no fidelity. If a person does not have these two qualities, he has no faith. The article analyzes Mirza Bedil’s idea that science is the true jewel of man and that for man to understand the secrets of nature, he must be knowledgeable and diligent.

First Page

40

Last Page

47

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