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The Light of Islam

Abstract

Lyric songs show how rich the aesthetic taste of the Turkic peoples is, that they have always had a special love for the art of speech and that they have a literary reserve to compete with the fastest peoples of their time in terms of artistic texture. These songs also reflected the artistic views of the Turks. Lyric songs are distinguished by content, musicality, spiritual closeness. They naturally and sincerely describe the glorification of true love, its appreciation, the value of spiritual and moral purity, fidelity and devotion.

Purely lyrical experiences with their novelty, richness of images and unique pathos have always captivated the reader. In the history of world literature, the poetry of the Turkic peoples is undoubtedly studied as a separate phenomenon. «Divani lugati-t-turk» by Mahmud Kashgari is a work that provides extensive information about the roots of Turkish poetry and its scope.

The first rudiments of lyric poetry in the oral poetry of the Turkic peoples are in «Divani lugati-t-turk». As a great linguist of his time, an expert on the traditions of the Turkic peoples and an advanced thinker, Kashgari proves every word with a unique expression or poetic passage. Each poem in the work is unique in terms of artistic value and semantics. This is especially noticeable in lyric poetry.

In the lyrical passages of «Divani lugati-t-turk», the question of the arts and their location attracts attention. Because the arts used in them play an important role in the literature of the Turkic peoples in the first place. There are several types of such poetic arts: tashbih, tazod, istiora, tazhnis, takrir, mubalaga, irsoli masal. The arts mentioned in the lyrical passages were actively reflected in all types of poetry of the later period. This is article examines the semantics of the lyric poems «Divani lugati-t-turk» and reveals their art.

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