The Light of Islam


The Jews have come a long way in the historical process. This has had an impact on all aspects of social and material culture related to daily life. It can be said that this long process did not take place without various invasions and internal conflicts and wars. Of course, the Jews, like other nations, were not left out of these processes. This led them to move to different cities and unite there as a group. Most of the Central Asian Jews reached high peaks and played a major role in trade. As another factor, it is worth mentioning that Central Asia has always been interested in the Great Silk Road for development. Studies show that the Jewish community in Bukhara was well developed in the middle of the 19th century and had its own orderly organizational structure. At the head of the administration was a man named “Kalantar” and the chief rabbi, nicknamed “Mulla-i kalan”, served as a representative for religious affairs. It has also been observed that from time to time one person performed these two functions. Secular and religious administrations were closely intertwined, but operated autonomously. The article analyzes the socio-religious system of Bukhara Jews in the region, the functions and activities of “Kalantar”, “Mulla-i kalan”, “Aksakal”, “Kaywani” and their role in the life of Jews. The article also contains information about the education system of Bukhara Jews, types of it and specialists who taught there.

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