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The Light of Islam

Abstract

The topic of the spiritual and cultural formation of the younger generation at all times has been the subject of close comprehension of philosophers, religious scholars, teachers, representatives of many ethnic groups who study it. Each ethnic group developed certain methods of education (training and upbringing) of young people, the formation of its spiritual and cultural appearance. Different cultures: eastern and western, have developed their models, standards of education, spiritual and cultural development, and upbringing, in which both universal and specific ethnonational aspects are present.

The article considers the problem of spiritual and moral education of the younger generation of the Republic of Uzbekistan, aimed at reviving national values, improving the system of national education, and educating a harmoniously developed generation in the spirit of patriotism and love for the Motherland. It also reveals the importance of studying the history of Uzbekistan in educating young people in the spirit of the ideology of national independence.

The cultural past does not disappear, it persists for generations, works for the present, laying the foundation for the future. The culture of the past is always necessary for modernity, which is experiencing a crisis of spirituality and morality. The present must be compared with the past to select a new trend in cultural development. Turning to the past cultural, intellectual, values allows us to understand the present, find ways to overcome the crisis in culture, associated not only with a drop in the quality of education but also with the spiritual and cultural education of young people, as well as to bridge the gap between the sides of a single cultural and intellectual process.

The article examines the ideas of educating the younger generation in the works of such oriental thinkers and educators like Abu Raikhan Beruni, al-Farabi, Ibn Sina, analyzes their philosophical views on education and such vital tasks as finding the meaning of life, researching good and evil, defining the concepts of justice, compassion, etc. Attention is paid to the relevance of studying political and legal doctrines, works of thinkers of the East, which have an important role in educating the younger generation in the spirit of patriotism and high legal culture.

The article raises the problems of educating modern youth in the spirit of patriotism based on national traditions.

First Page

35

Last Page

44

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