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The Light of Islam

Abstract

This article analyzes the socio-philosophical and logical aspects of sophistic thinking in the work of the thinker Saduddin Taftazani “Sharh al-Aka’id”, who defned knowledge as the essence of human life. Sophistic interpretations of various sociological considerations that have arisen in the context of the history of Islamic philosophy are described from a scientifc point of view. All the information presented in the article is covered based on comparative historical, logical methods, the attitude of representatives of the philosophy of the new period to the sophistic and scientifc approaches is theoretically analyzed. This study, which analyzes the scientifc signifcance of sophistic thinking for time and space, conducts a historical and philosophical study of the appearance of this term in the region, its objective and subjective reasons. From an ontological point of view, the article examines the attitude of Islamic philosophy, in particular theology, to certain sociophilosophical issues arising based on sophisticated views. Also, scientifc solutions to the problems of everyday life, the social signifcance of sophistry in space, and time are philosophically analyzed. Based on the epistemological knowledge of the scientist Saduddin Taftazani, the following are stated: the reasons and factors for the penetration of the subject of philosophy into the Arab regions, as well as the philosophical and historical attitude to the features associated with the role of individuals in this process. In the fnal part of the article, based on dialectical views, the importance of the spiritual heritage, which has arisen based on the Islamic phenomenon, is explained in ensuring social harmony between peoples and nations. In particular, the theoretical and methodological foundations of the factors that serve to ensure social balance in society have been investigated, as opposed to the unsubstantiated notions of perverted trends that arose in the process of the Islamization of the regions. This article cites quotes from the frst edition of Sharh alAqaid al-Nasafya, published in Arabic in 2009 by Maktabat ul-bushro publishing house in the state of Pakistan, Karachi.

First Page

133

Last Page

140

References

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