•  
  •  
 

The Light of Islam

Abstract

The article presents information about the socio-political, economic, and cultural conditions in China in the 9th-16th centuries, the spread of Islam in China and its adaptation to the local culture, the participation of Muslim peoples in the social, economic, cultural life and educational 94 Tе Light of Islam, 3-сон 2020 йил Диншунослик process of the country. Also, it analyzes the formation of Muslim communities among the majority of followers of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism by adapting to their religious beliefs, close to the content of Islam, and the emergence of 10 separate legal systems, such as “Zu Tang” (“Foreigner living in China” ), “Fang Ke” (“Descendants of local Muslims”), “Fang Hue” (“Schools for foreigners”), “Qadi Department” (for the resolution of Muslim religious affairs), “Triple Administration” (consisting of an imam, a khatib and a muezzin dealing with the daily affairs of Muslims), which regulated the social and religious life of Muslims in China. It was found that during the Tang, Song, Yuan, and Ming dynasties, fundamental changes occurred that contributed to the spread and development of Islam throughout China. Thanks to an active policy of national assimilation, the political status of Muslims changed, and they became the indigenous citizens of China. It was concluded that the participation of Muslims in the policy of national assimilation became the basis for the formation of new national communities based on common values, ethics, and rituals, as well as for the wider dissemination of Islamic teachings and philosophy in other parts of China

First Page

93

Last Page

102

References

  1. Abdullayeva, M. (2018). Approaches for studying religious process in cyberspace. The Light of Islam, 2018 (1), 13.
  2. Alidjanova, L. A. (2019). The value of the scientifc approach in the study of religions and science. ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science, 12 (80), 508-512. Soi: http://s-o-i.org/1.1/TAS-12-80-96 Doi: https://dx.doi. org/10.15863/TAS.2019.12.80.96
  3. Alidjanova, L. A. (2020). Questions of religion and society in the works of Ibn Khaldun. The Light of Islam, 2020 (1), 34-43.
  4. Alimova, M. (2020). The contribution of Imam adDarimi to the development of hadith science. The Light of Islam, 2020 (2), 109-116.
  5. Walker, A. T. (2006). Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith. Forgotten Books.
  6. Atwill, D. G. (2005). The Chinese sultanate: Islam, ethnicity, and the Panthay Rebellion in southwest China, 1856-1873. Stanford University Press.
  7. Broomhall, Marshall (2012). Islam in China: A Neglected Problem. – London: Forgotten books.
  8. Chang, Yu. (1964). Chinese muslim mobality in SungCiao-Chin Period. Journal institute of muslim minority affairs – JIMMA. Jiddah, vol. 6.
  9. Dono, K. (2020). Features of information exchange aspects in the information society. Ижтимоий фанлар, 2(3).
  10. Dillon, M. (1999). China’s Muslim Hui Community: Migration, Settlement and Sects. Surrey: Curzon Press.
  11. Elman, B. A. (2000). A Cultural History of Civil Examinations in Late Imperial China. – USA: University of California Press.
  12. Elverskog, J. (2010). Buddhism and Islam on the Silk Road (illustrated ed.). – USA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  13. Ernazarov, O. (2018). The socio-cultural life of Chinese Muslims during the Ming dynasty. The Light of Islam, 2018 (1), 11.
  14. Farmer, E. L. (1995). Zhu Yuanzhang and Early Ming Legislation: The Reordering of Chinese Society Following the Era of Mongol Rule. – Leiden: BRILL.
  15. Fuzailova, G. (2020). Eastern thinkers on the pedagogical mastery. The Light of Islam, 2020(2), 138- 144.
  16. Isakdjanov, R. (2019). Rational principles in IbnSinа’s theological education and their characteristic features. The Light of Islam, 2019 (3), 8.
  17. Islomov, Z. (2018). International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan–a result of the reforms worth to the centuries. The Light of Islam, 2018 (1), 1.
  18. Israeli R. (2002). Islam in China: Religion, Ethnicity, Culture and Politics. – USA: Lexington Books Publisher.
  19. Kalandarova, D. (2020). Features of aspects of information exchange. The Light of Islam, 2020 (1), 210-214.
  20. Kenneth W., Morgon (1993). Islam – straight path: Interpreted by muslims. – Dehli: Motilal Banarsidass Publisher.
  21. Khatamov, T. A. (2019). State national program for the development of school education for 2004-2009 years: (scientifc and historical analysis). Theoretical & Applied Science, (6), 128-132.
  22. Lane, George (2014). “The Dali Stele”. In KilicSchubel, Nurten; Binbash, Evrim (eds.). The Horizons of the World. Festschrift for İsenbike Togan: Hududü’lAlem. İsenbike Togan Armağanı. Istanbul: Ithaki Press. p. 8. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  23. Lee, H. S. (2002). The Spread of Islamic Culture to the East Asia Before the Era of Modern European Hegemony. İslâm Araştırmaları Dergisi, 7, 57-74.
  24. Leslie, Donald Daniel (1998). The Integration of Religious Minorities in China: The Case of Chinese Muslims // The Fifty-ninth George Ernest Morrison Lecture in Ethnology.
  25. Lewis, Mark Edward (2009). China’s cosmopolitan empire : the Tang dynasty. – London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
  26. Muhamedov, N. (2016). Keffal Şaşî’nin Diplomatik Faaliyeti. Marmara Türkiyat Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(2), 119-126.
  27. Mukhamedov N., Turambetov N. (2020). Medieval Scientists Of The Oasis Shash And Their Contribution To Islamic Civilization. The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations, 2(08), 137-143.
  28. Nizametdinov, N. (2019). The short history of turkic literature of India durind the ruling of baburids (XVI– XVIIIth centuries). The Light of Islam, 2019 (3), 15.
  29. Radhu, A. (1997). Islam in Tibet: Tibetan Caravans. Louisville: Fons Vitae.
  30. Rahimjonov, D. (2019). The importance of social rehabilitation of people who have fallen under the influence of extremist ideas in the process of globalization. The Light of Islam, 2019 (1), 12.
  31. Shoujiang, Mi., Jia, You (2004). Islam in China / Translated by Min Chang. – China Intercontinental Press.
  32. Sultonov, A. (2019). The new philosophical paradigm of cultural development. The Light of Islam, 2019 (4), 25.
  33. Turdiyeva, D. (2020). From history of malaysien education system. The Light of Islam, 2020 (2), 20.
  34. Toxtiev Mr, S. (2020). Social and cultural life of the shiite communities of Central Asia in the XX-early XXI centuries. The Light of Islam, 2020(2), 82-90.
  35. Xujaev, M. I. (2019). Historical philosophy of Ahmed Zaki Validi. Scientifc Bulletin of Namangan State University, 1 (12), 126-132.
  36. Ziynatullayev, Z. (2020). The social-political situation in Central Asia on the eve of the advent of Islam. The Light of Islam, 2020 (2), 152-159.
  37. Ernazarov, O. (2018). O‘rta asr musulmon manbalarida Koreyadagi islom tarixiga oid ma’lumotlar. “Sharqshunoslik” TDSHI ilmiy jurnali, 3, 74-80.
  38. Ernazarov, O. (2017). Desyat let deyatelnosti musulmanskoy shkolы Tokio (1927-1937). Rossiya i musulmanskiy mir, (11 (305)).
  39. Ernazarov, O. K. (2014). Hozirgi davrda din va jamiyat munosabatlarida barqarorlikni ta’minlashning ahamiyati. In Sborniki konferensiy NIS Sosiosfera (No. 55, pp. 40-45). Vedecko vydavatelske centrum Sociosfera-CZ sro.
  40. https://www.mei.edu/publications/mosques-andislamic-identities-china
  41. Kakhharova, M. (2018). Question of Studying Personal Spiritual and Moral Development. Eastern European Scientifc Journal, (6).
  42. Qaxxarova, M., & Tuychieva, H. (2019). Spiritualmoral environment and its basic indicators. The Light of Islam, 2019(4), 24.
  43. Qaxxarova, M., & Absattorov, B. M. (2020). Evolution of views on ethics, ethical criteria and ethical standards. The Light of Islam, 2020(1), 110-115.

Share

COinS