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The Light of Islam

Abstract

Cities of Central Asia are one of the oldest historical and scientific centers in the history of mankind. Secular and religious sciences flourished here. This article tells about the life and work of the Iyadite dynasty, which made a great contribution to the development of Islamic sciences, in particular, Islamic theology (Kalam). For example, representatives of the Iyadite dynasty and the theological school of Maturidia such as Abu Ahmad and Abu Bakr developed Islamic theology, developing Hanafi traditions and urging Muslims to live in harmony with the current government. This was since Abu Bakr Iyadi was a direct student of Abu Mansur Maturidi, a supporter of Ahlu-s-Sunna and Jamaat. Also, the father of Abu Bakr Iyadi Abu Nasr Iyadi is a teacher of Abu Mansur Maturidi, who played a big role in his prosperity in the field of Islamic theology. All the ideas and theories of Abu Bakr Iyadi are based on the ideology of Ahlu-s-Sunnah and Jamaat. All the texts of Abu Bakr Iyadi’s works contain dozens of ideological debates with mutazilites. Abu Bakr Iyadi included in Ahlu-s-Sunna and al-Jama’a those whose views corresponded to the Qur’an, Sunna, and the views of other Islamic scholars. The discussion texts of the doctrine that Abu Bakr wrote are called “Masa’ilu-l-axiru-l-iyadiyah”. These texts are the only scientifically significant source of information about the Iyadite family.

First Page

90

Last Page

97

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