The Light of Islam


Ibn Khaldun is one of the prominent scholars, studied and created works on religious science in harmony with secular science. His full name - Abdurahman Abu Zayd ibn Muhammad ibn Khaldun (b. 1332, Tunisia / died. 1406, Cairo) – Arab historian and philosopher. He is considered as a follower of Ibn Rushd, in 1349-1375 he served in high posts under the rulers of Tunis, Fes, Garnot, Bujojya (Chorus). In 1382 he arrived in Egypt and began to work as a teacher at the local madrasah. Ibn Khaldun was part of the delegation negotiating the conditions for the surrender of the city of Damascus to Amir Temur. On this occasion, he succeeded in honoring a personal conversation with Amir Temur. According to Ibn Khaldun, Amir Temur asked about the Maghreb countries, their location and their cities. Regardless of the personal attitude to the foreign political activity of Amir Temur, Ibn Khaldun gives a decent objective assessment of the personality of Temur. He was surprised by Amir Temur’s deep knowledge of military history, characterized him as a “witty, loving, argumentative person”. In his main work “Kitob ul-Ibar” (“Book of good examples”, 1370), he outlined his thoughts on the development of society and the history of Muslim nations (in particular the Maghreb).

The study of the socio-political and philosophical views of prominent scholar Ibn Khaldun is of great importance in modern philosophy of history. The purpose of the article is to characterize the main directions of the religious educational philosophy of Ibn Khaldun, his attitude to history, society, the state, government, as well as the sanctification of their relationship with religious practice. The innovative component of the article lies in an in-depth study of the main aspects of Ibn Khaldun’s religious and educational philosophy views in terms of solving religious-philosophical and sociopolitical, religiously enlightening issues.

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