The Light of Islam


This article examines the manifestation of cross-culture in the philosophical and religious views of Western and Eastern scientists. The analysis of religion as the basis of human perception of the world, which is manifested in a variety of forms, is carried out. In particular, as a true faith in the supernatural ideal, the Creator of the universe and at the same time its patron, dogmatic among official Ministers of religious worship and constantly fluctuating between faith and disbelief. And the specifics of the religious theories of Western and Eastern scholars, such as I. Kant, Ibn Rushd, gazzali, and others, are related to the solution of many fundamental issues in this sphere. Sometimes too heavy for the human mind. As a result, they have surprised and continue to amaze the world's minds, as well as contribute to the emergence of discussions in the scientific and religious community of the world for more than two hundred years. This concerns the principle of God's creation of the world, the attitude of the Almighty to what is happening in the world, good and evil, the fate of man, and many others. In order to understand the essence of these phenomena, Kant believes that it is necessary and possible for the mind to go beyond the limits of possible experience. Which he formulates as a set of antinomies of religious consciousness.

According to the views of the above-listed philosopher, the highest instance of religion and religiosity is the mind, which is crucial in the theory of the transcendent consciousness. The mind as the ability to combine, bring into the system all that can be comprehended, thought. In particular, Kant believed that reason seeks to implement " the systematicity of knowledge, i.e., the connection of knowledge according to one principle." The purpose and meaning are determined only in the system, and reason is at once both the ability and the requirement of the system. This article provides a philosophical analysis of the views of Eastern philosophers on this issue.

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