The great imam and reformer seyyid Muhammad bin ‘Ali al-Senusi was born in Algeria and is a direct descendant of the prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Received an excellent upbringing and education. He devoted all his knowledge and life experience to a noble cause: improving and reforming the hard and poor life of the simple Arab people. This is the period when European countries (France, Italy, etc.) began occupation actions against the underdeveloped Arab countries of North Africa. In 1830, the French captured Algeria - the homeland of Muhammad ‘Ali al-Senusi, and in 1881 the Arab country of Tunisia. Later, or rather, in 1911, the Italian colonialists, the fascist government of Italy launched armed aggression against the freedom-loving Libyan people. The national liberation movement of the peoples of North Africa against foreign invaders began.
The great Senusi painfully accepted the news of the occupation of a number of Arab countries, especially his homeland - Algeria, where he was born and studied, and where his youth passed .. He fully concentrated his attention on the liberation of the peoples of the Arab countries from foreign yoke and dependence, from hunger and poverty ... The first zawia was founded in ‘Abu Qubais in 1837 (Mecca), and the first zawia in northern Africa was built in 1843 and al-Beida’ (Cyrenaica), then the Great Reformer moved to Jagbub (1856). Subsequently, Jagbub turned into the central headquarters of the people’s militias against foreign invaders and became the center of the national liberation movement of the Arab people in the name of the liberation of the great Fatherland.
In the middle of the XIX century in the most developed part of the Arab world (Egypt, Syria, Lebanon), a period of cultural growth began, called the Arab Renaissance (Nakhda). His ideologists sought to synthesize elements of eastern and western civilizations, focusing on the task of reviving the “glorious Arab heritage”, the former power of the Arabs in the economic, political and cultural spheres. In the ideological processes characteristic of the Arab Renaissance, a special place was occupied by the religious trend, represented by Islamic reformism.
"SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF THE SENUSITE MOVEMENT IN NORTH AFRICA,"
The Light of Islam: Vol. 2019
, Article 30.
Available at: https://uzjournals.edu.uz/iiau/vol2019/iss4/30