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The Light of Islam

Abstract

Annotation: One of the main issues in Arabic Linguistic is «grammatical status - إِعرَاب » (changing of the endings of words). «Changing of the endings of words» doesn’t mean changing the actual ending of the word itself (e.g.. the last letter), because the actual ending itself won’t change. What we’re changing here is the condition of the ending of words, which means that words transition from one state to another, regardless of whether that happens explicitly or implicitly. The great linguists of the Middle Ages Sibawaykhi, Makhmud az-Zamakhshariy, Abul Fatkh Mutarriziy, modern linguists Abbas Khasan, Mustapha Galayiniy, Russian scientists V.Girgas, B.M.Grande, N.V.Yushmanov, V.P.Starinin, G.Sh. Sharbatov and others paid more attention on this issue in their scientific works. Makhmud Zamakhshariy said: «First we have to know grammatical status – إِعرَاب , because knowing of it helps us to understand other issues in grammar».

Almost all works of the Middle Ages linguists are begun with explanation of «grammatical status - إِعرَاب ». The reason of this, one small mistake in grammatical status – إِعرَاب can change meaning of whole sentence. Grammatical status – إِعرَاب shows noun cases and verb moods. The ضمة (damma) marks words in the nominative case, the كسرة (kasra) marks words in the genitive case and the فتحة (fatkha) marks words in the accusative case.

The present article gives more information about «grammatical status - باَرعِإ » in Arabic Linguistic.

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