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The Light of Islam

Article Title

NATURALLY-SCIENTIFIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS ABU ALI IBN SINO

Abstract

The article analyzes the natural-science and philosophical views of Abu Ali Ibn Sino, and also studies the social relations of that period. The scientific heritage of Ibn Sina, representing a rich philosophical system (Kitab ash-shifa, Kitab an-najot, Donishnom) was investigated from the point of view of philosophical knowledge: physics, mathematics, logic and metaphysics. The scientific heritage of Abu Ali Ibn Sina is conventionally divided into 4 groups, that is, natural, philosophical views, literature and medicine. Much attention is paid to philosophy and medicine. In the West, the medical heritage of Avicenna is known from the work of the Canon of Medical Science, and the title of Sheikh ur-rais, first of all, indicates the name of the great philosopher of the East. Along with the natural-scientific, philosophical views of Ibn Sino, religious beliefs were also studied. According to the views of Ibn Sina, God is eternal, and as a result matter is also eternal. The material basis of the things will never disappear. The simplest form of matter consist of 4 elements: air, fire, water and earth. As a result of their combination, various compound material objects are formed. Compound things can be changed, but the material basis of 4 primary elements does not disappear. The article provides a comparative analysis of the views of Abu Ali Ibn Sina on issues of geology, mineralogy, chemistry, and also studied the importance of his scientific heritage in the modern world

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