SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL VALUES OF THE ROUTES OF THE PILGRIMAGE FROM CENTRAL ASIA TO THE HIJAZ IN EARLY NINETEENTH AND LATE TWENTIETH CENTURIES
One of the religious obligations of Muslims is at least once in their lives to make a pilgrimage to Mecca as soon as possible. Pilgrimage in Mecca and Medina was more difficult for Muslims in Central Asia, and they had to travel through difficult roads to perform Hajj in time. Central Asian Muslims have performed the pilgrimage for centuries, despite serious difficulties. By the end of the 19th century, the colonization of Central Asia by the Russian Empire influenced the pilgrimage of Muslims in the country. For the government of the Empire control of Muslim pilgrimage in Turkestan was important both politically and economically. In the late XIX - early XX century pilgrims from Turkestan traveled the overland route through Iran, the southern sea route through Afghanistan, Northern India and the Indian ocean, and the Northern route via Istanbul. The article analyzes the location of these roads, transportation costs, hostels for pilgrims, obille and living at home. The article also discusses the policy of the Russian Empire in relation to the pilgrimage of Turkestan Muslims, archival data on administrative and medical measures taken based on the press of the XIX and early XX centuries
"SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL
VALUES OF THE ROUTES OF THE
PILGRIMAGE FROM CENTRAL ASIA TO
THE HIJAZ IN EARLY NINETEENTH AND
LATE TWENTIETH CENTURIES,"
The Light of Islam: Vol. 2019
, Article 6.
Available at: https://uzjournals.edu.uz/iiau/vol2019/iss3/6