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The Light of Islam

Abstract

Islamic cultures and norms actively adapt to the politics, economy, culture and all spheres of everyday life of ordinary people. The globalization of the Islamic spirit, which sometimes contradicts the traditional way of life, and sometimes imposes its own rules on many spheres of life of ordinary people, contrary to government policies, is a matter of concern for many modern governments. Along with the control of propaganda in mosques, madrasas, theological educational institutions, the governments of many countries seek to centralize, unify and monopolize the institution of fatwas. All this is done, firstly, to exclude the issuance of fatwas that run counter to state policy, and secondly, on the contrary, to issue generally binding Islamic decrees regulating issues of national importance. The above tasks are solved in two ways: first, special state bodies are created, whose task is to issue fatwas and, second, they form government controlled or transfer to the control of the state already existing associations of religious scholars-ulems empowered to issue fatwas. In Pakistan, the right to issue fatwas is endowed with madrasas. In Egypt, the House of fatwas regulates the issue regarding fatwas. In Saudi Arabia, the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta, which operates under the Council of Senior Ulamais regulated fatwas.The General Directorate of Religious Services of the Presidency (The Directorate) of Religious Affairs of Turkey is the main body coordinating the publication of fatwas in Turkey.

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