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The Light of Islam

Abstract

The article discusses the strategic importance of Central Asia in the Middle Ages and its inclusion in the Turkic Kaganate in the process of invasion of the Turkic tribes. The Empire of Ephtalits, which ruled Central Asia for almost a century, collapsed as a result of the raids of the Turkic tribes. A new a management system based on nomadic traditions has created, new orders and positions have been introduced. Sogdians, Khorezmians, Bactrians, Shashs, Ferghans, and other people participated in the system of governance created by the Turkic tribes. The goal of the local dynasties was to ensure political stable and economic development in settled areas, as well as to meet military needs. The majority of the population of the Western Kaganate were occupied with extensive agriculture, handicraft and trade under the rule of the Kaganate. During this period, agriculture, horticulture and viticulture rapidly developed on the lands of Central Asia. Although Central Asia was a vassal of the Western Turkic Kaganate, it had a certain degree of internal independence. Without centralized power in the country, it developed in the form of a confederation of «rulers». The article based on primary sources and scientific literature covers the socio-political situation and the system of local self-government in Central Asia on the eve of the emergence of Islam

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