The Light of Islam


The concept of morality and upbringing has existed since ancient times in human history, and these concepts play an important role in the formation of human perfection and personality. It is possible to find many works, books, material and cultural monuments of this theme in the history of the world. Especially, there are many such sources in oriental peoples’ history. The main idea of these works is considered a person’s spiritual upbringing and moral perfection and its’ basis constitute the subject of tasawwuf. This science was formed as an area of special science among the Islamic sciences in the 9th-11th centuries in the form of Ascetcism school, and in the XII-XIII centuries its basic rules emerged in the form of Sufism. In addition, many works in the area of spiritual education were written by tariqats’ scholars. One of the works dedicated to human education and spiritual perfection in the 12th century was «Riyadh ul-ahlaq» (Upbringing morality) by Nasiruddin Abulqasim Samarkandiy (556/1161). This work is an important source of moral education, in which the concept of morals and the essence of ethical education is emphasized. The work is divided into two parts, which are sections of ethics and morality, first section describes the rules of behavior that must be observed in social relations. In the moral section, there is a full discription about good and bad morals. Moral standards are also given in Arabic alphabet order one by one. This article analyzes the essence and significance of the work «Riyadh ul-ahloq» and its source-analysis, the essence and meaning of the morality, ethical concepts as well as the significance of the sufi-moral concepts in it, and their role in today by using historical, comparative and analytical methods