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The Light of Islam

Abstract

Fatwa is a form of an answer/explanation of Muslim scholars and scientists to new and confusing issues. Fatwa can be an individual conclusion of an Islamic lawyer or express a general opinion of scholars of fakikhs and shariat or a special organ. In modern Islamic countries, Fatwa institutions play a quite important role in solving problems ranging from common daily issues to inner and outer political scale. Sunni scholars with fundamental views call to avoid everything new, others support necessity for deep research of Islamic norms to work out Fatwa for new issues. The governments of many countries use Fatwa institutions to provide inner stability, to explain unclearness in the society. In this regard, it is important to study the role of Fatwa institutions in Islamic countries, classification of Islamic decrees depending on juridical power and their preparation mechanism.

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