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The Light of Islam

Abstract

Mecca, which has been the religious, political, social, and economic center of the Arabian Peninsula for millennia, was ruled by the Jurhum and Khuza’a tribes for many years, and was later ruled by Kusay ibn Kilab, the ancestor of Muhammad (peace be upon him). Kusai stationed his Quraish tribe in various parts of Mecca, and then founded Dor un-Nadwa, which was the fist parliament of the city. He also introduced a number of duties regarding the pilgrimage to the Kaaba in Mecca, the holy city of the Arabian Peninsula, and reformed a number of functions of the city administration and distributed it among the tribes. After his death, the two sons (Abdudar and Abdulmanof) did not agree with the rule of Mecca and Kaaba, and the Quraysh were divided. This division was further exacerbated by the creation of the Hilf ul-Fizul Society, which had a signifiant impact on the political, economic and religious administration of Mecca. These pre-Islamic diffrences were also reflcted in the connection of tribes in Quraysh with the religion of Islam.

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