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Eurasian Journal of Sport Science

Eurasian Journal of Sport Science

Abstract

Purpose: To justify the prediction by long-term training in women's judo. The article presents a functional analysis of the problem of the prospects for the development of female judoists of 17-18 years of age. The content of the presented work is fundamentally different from most generalizing works. The material of general scientific and special nature is presented, providing an individual approach to forecasting, working capacity and restoration of physical fitness of athletes. The content of the article is based on the research of female judoka in the period of the formation of sportsmanship.

Methods: Harvard step test - to determine the general and special athletic performance of female athletes; MOC – maximum oxygen consumption; MVBC - minute volume of blood circulation after the first and second loads; Heart rate – heart rate before and after exercise; SV - systolic volume before and after exercise; The strength qualities of judoists were determined by dynamometry; Results: The Harvard step test was 81.25±13.75%.

MOC ranges from 52.4 ml/kg/min to 71.0 ml/kg/min,

The systolic values at the first load were 87.6±12.8 ml, and at the second load 94.3±13.5 ml. The breath holding during inhalation, at the age of 17 it was 64.3 ± 3.3, at the age of 18 it was 70 ± 3.4 s. The heart rate at rest was 73.4 ± 10.7, after the first load the heart rate was equal to 133 ± 17.9, and after the second load the heart rate reached 152 ± 10.03. Dynamometry showed that the average value was 27±6.6 kg for the right hand, and 23.9±5.9 kg for the left hand. The asymmetry between the right and left hands was 5.3%. Stange’s test ranged from 98 s to 40 s.

Conclusion: In the work, an assessment of the physical development and functional state of female judoists was carried out, on the basis of which the following parameters were identified. In particular, the starting capabilities, the level of physical performance, strength and aerobic capabilities of the energy supply system, allowing to focus on the prospects of judo classes. Thus, the conducted research confirms the expediency of using cardiorespiratory system indicators to assess the functional state of judoists and can also be successfully used as additional criteria for determining the level of fitness, sports orientation in the selection of gifted athletes, as well as for correcting the training process at various stages of training judoists.

First Page

160

Last Page

164

References

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