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Eurasian music science journal

Abstract

The Uzbek people have a very rich, worthy ancient history. The discoveries by many scientists and archaeologists of our country confirm the huge contribution of Central Asia to the development of human beings. During very long years of historical development, many great scientists in the fields of science, culture and art came out among our people. They have gratefully served for the progress of mankind. In this way, they raised the status of the nations of the East. Oriental scholars in their musical brochures, tried to comment not only on the musical-theoretical and practical sciences of the East, but also on the musical creativity and musical instruments of Western countries. Organ is considered as the “king” among the instruments of Western countries. Information about the ancient organ instrument has existed in Central Asia since the Middle Ages. Its definition can be found in the pamphlets of the great scholars of the East as Abu Ali Ibn Sino, Darvesh Ali Changiy, Alisher Navoiy, Abdulkadir Maraghiy, Abu Nasr Farobiy, Najmiddin Kawkabiy, Qutbiddin Ash-Sheraziy, Fakhriddin Ar-Raziy, Abu Mansur ibn Zayla, Abu Abdullah Khorazmiy devoted to the science of music, or in the musical chapter which is part of the pamphlet. Some sources have suggested the existence of the organon [3] instrument in Western countries, and speculated about its structure and properties. Thanks to independence, the gates of our spiritual treasures have been opened wide. It was possible to read the bright pages of our ancient history in its original form, and it became an important spiritual and ideological need of our time. As in any field, new horizons began to be discovered in the science of music. From ancient times, different civilizations and cultures have lived side by side on our land, and our ancestors have enjoyed the art of other nations as well. This fact is confirmed by the fact that over the centuries, our ancestors, along with our national art, creatively mastered and developed the most advanced examples of world culture.

First Page

85

Last Page

92

References

[1] Karimov, I. (2003). Kuch – bilim va tafakkurda [Power is in knowledge and thinking]. Тashkent. p.18.

[2] Karimov, I. (1993). Buyuk maqsad yo’lidan og’ishmaylik [Let's not deviate from the path of the great goal]. Tashkent: Uzbekistan, p. 8.

[3] Darwish Ali Changiy Haqqani. Risolai Musiqiy. Library of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the Institute of Oriental Studies. INV, № 468 p.

[4] Bakeeva, N. (1977). Organ. Moscow. p. 13.

[5] Abdulkadir Maraghiy. Maqasid ul-ilhan. p. 135, 136.

[6] Qutbiddin ash-Sheroziy. Durratu-t-taj li g'urrati-d-Deboj. Library of the Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhon Beruniy. Manuscript. 816.bb.168a - 198b, p. 198.

[7] Semenov, A. Fakhriddin Ar-Roziy. Uchenie o nachatkakh muziki [ Fakhriddin Ar-Roziy. Teaching about the beginnings of music]. INV №232.

[8] Oripov, Z. (2008). Sharq musiqiy manbashunoslgi [Oriental music sources X-XI centuries]. Tashkent.

[9] Perrot Jean. (1965). L`orgue. De ses origins hellenistiques a la fin du XIII siècle [The organ. From its Hellenistic origins to the end of the 13th century]. Paris p. 8-12.

[10] Bakeeva, N. (1977). Organ. Moscow. p. 9.

[11] Veksler, S. (1965). Ocherk istorii uzbekskoy muzikalnoy kulturi [Essay on the history of Uzbek musical culture]. Tashkent. p. 136.

[12] Veksler, S. (1965). Ocherk istorii uzbekskoy muzikalnoy kulturi [Essay on the history of Uzbek musical culture]. Tashkent. p. 137.

[13] Mulla Bekjon Rahmon og’li Muhammad Yusuf Devonzoda. (1998). Xorazm musiqiy tarixchasi [Musical history of Khorezm]. Tashkent.

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