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CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

DOI

10.34920/cce202147

Abstract

The aim of study is comprehensive determination of various quality characteristics of polyester fibers obtained on the basis of primary and secondary polyethylene terephthalate. The analysis of the raw material base of pre-oriented yarns (POY) threads has been carried out. The technological, physicomechanical properties, as well as the structure of the primary and secondary polyethylene terephthalate used in the production of the threads have been studied. The structure and properties of polyethylene terephthalate changed: the properties were worse, the structure were amorphous, the molecular weight decreased. The structure of recycled polyethylene terephthalate changed as a result of technological conversions in the production of POY fibers. This is due to a change in the thermophysical characteristics and structure of secondary polyethylene terephthalate under the influence of heat, moisture, and shear stresses.

A comparative analysis of the physicomechanical properties of POY yarns obtained from primary and secondary polyethylene terephthalate has been carried out.

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