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CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

DOI

10.51348/cce202141

Abstract

Previously shown that coatings formed on titanium by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) in an electrolyte with zirconium sulfate Zr(SO4)2 consisted of ZrO2 and TiO2 oxides, their surface layer is enriched with zirconium, they have good protective properties in chlorine-containing media. The resulting layers have a fairly regular distribution of relatively small pores, with a diameter of about 1 μm or less, on the surface. The composition and structure of PEO layers depend on both the composition of the electrolyte and the modes of formation. It is of scientific and practical interest to elucidate the effect of the conditions for the formation of coatings with ZrO2 on titanium and its alloys on their anticorrosive properties in chlorine-containing media. Samples for research were formed under anodic (unipolar) conditions at the same current density and different formation times. The samples were formed in modes with current density 0.08 A/cm2 and processing time (minutes) − 8.5; 9.5; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 20; 30; 40; 60. The duration of treatment was chosen as to maximally repeat the anticorrosive characteristics obtained in the previous case. The work uses modern research methods, including electron microscopy, presents the results of further study of ZrO2 + TiO2 / Ti systems formed in an electrolyte with zirconium sulfate Zr(SO4)2. It has been established that coatings are formed on titanium and its alloys in an electrolyte with zirconium sulfate under galvanostatic conditions of the PEO process at i = 0.08 A / cm2 during a processing time of 11-15 min. There is a correlation between the stages of galvanostatic formation of coatings and their anticorrosive properties.

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