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CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

DOI

10.51348/STPT7139

Abstract

The article sets the goal of determining and calculating the speed of accelerated movement of particles in the gas-dust flow of an air cyclone, depending on the size of the cyclone, the physical properties of the particle and the gas-dust flow. A method for constructing a computer model of the motion of a particle in a roaring gas-dust flow of a cyclone is presented. The sequence of formalization of the computer model of the process of sedimentation of particles of a gas-dust flow of a cyclone unit is based on the theoretical foundations of aerodynamics and touches on the most significant aspects of the development of a cyclone. Attention paid to the analysis of the dynamics of particle motion in a centrifugal field, accelerated motion and a realistic estimate of the particle velocity. The mutual influences of five forces are considered. This is the centrifugal force, the force of resistance of the gas-dust flow, the forces of gravity, the Archimedean force and the force of inertia, acting on the accelerating motion of the particle in the flow. On the basis of the block principle, a general computer model of the cycloning process is built, which makes it possible to calculate the uneven velocity of a particle in a gas-dust flow. Analytical methods for evaluating the acceleration parameters and the main methods of numerical analysis of the dynamics of particle motion, shows that the main advantage of up to 0.8 seconds is the accelerated motion of a particle in a gas-dust flow under the given conditions. During this time, most of the particles reach the cyclone wall. This shows that the determination of the accelerating motion of a particle plays an important role in cyclones.

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