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CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

DOI

10.51348/RWHC6586

Abstract

The purpose of this study is the synthesis and study of a chelating sorbent for the extraction of ions of non-ferrous and noble metals. To achieve this goal, a sulfur-containing chelating sorbent based on carbamide, formaldehyde, and dithizone was synthesized and studied. The optimal conditions for the synthesis of the sorbent have been determined and studies have been carried out on the influence of the molar ratios of the starting materials on the composition, and physicochemical properties of the synthesized sorbent. The optimum temperature of polycondensation was taken as 90 °C, the reaction time is 2.5-3 hours, as a result, the reaction is more uniform and the exchange capacity for a 0.1 N HCl solution reaches 3.8 mg-eq/g. As a result of the studies carried out, the sorbent with the best performance was obtained at a 1: 2: 0.5 ratio of carbamide, formaldehyde, and dithizone, respectively. Based on the results of IR spectroscopy, the reaction of sorbent formation is proposed. The static exchange capacity of the synthesized sorbent for metal ions was determined, mg-eq/g: Cu (II) – 2,75; Zn (II) – 2,83; Ni (II) – 2.72; Ag (I) – 3.12

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